Mary
Walsh
Kobus



MARY WALSH KOBUS was one of the first female politicians to rise to prominence in Camden NJ. Born Mary Walsh in New Jersey around 1876, she married well known Camden businessman Joseph Kobus around 1910, and was the daughter-in-law of Anthony Kobus, who founded the Kobus shoe business and also served as president of the the Broadway Trust Bank at Broadway and Walnut Streets. After women won the right to vote, Mary Kobus involved herself in politics. She also studied law, and was the only female graduate in 1930 from the South Jersey Law School, now a part of Rutgers University, in Camden NJ.

Mary Kobus was elected to the City Commission on May 1, 1935. She was a Democrat and a political ally of George M. Brunner, who served as Mayor of Camden from 1935 through 1959. When a recount added Frank Hartmann Jr. to the Commission, the balance of power shifted, and Mary Kobus was named director of public safety, and George Brunner replaced Frederick Von Nieda as mayor. Von Nieda sued to keep his position, but his suit was rejected in the New Jersey State Supreme Court.

Mary Kobus and her husband, Joseph Kobus, lived at 429 Haddon Avenue in Camden. Joseph Kobus passed away in June of 1939. Mary Kobus continued to serve in Camden city government after his passing.


Camden Courier-Post - January 28, 1928

CHARITY BATTLES ATTRACT BIG CROWD
St. Joan of Arc Church Bouts Furnish Plenty of Action Throughout

Fifteen sizzling amateur boxing bouts, together with nine acts of vaudeville, were presented to a capacity crowd in the St. Joan of Arc Church gym, Fairview. The proceeds derived from the affair will go toward the church building fund.

In the feature bout, Bob Zimmerman, of Fairview, unintentionally fouled Eddie O'Tell of South Camden, in the first round and Referee Joe Bonnell immediately stopped the fuss. Zimmerman was in the lead when O'Tell, in attempting to avoid a left hook to the body, leaped into the air with the result that the punch landed low.

Zimmerman, in order not to disappoint the crowd went three rounds with Mickey Murtha. Battling Mack and Pee Wee Ross staged a clown act, while Johnny Lucas met Billy De Lue; Tommy Lyons clashed with Jack Stanley; "Peaches" Gray tackled Terrible Pine; Joe Colon faced Billy Osborne, and George Anderson encountered Milton Bamford. All bouts were limited to three rounds.

Deputy Boxing Commissioner Edward A. Welsh attended the affair, and when introduced by Announcer Bill Kennedy received an ovation that lasted fully five minutes. Mrs. Mary Walsh Kobus, a member of the city board of censors also was present.

Sergeant Ray Smith assisted Bonell in refereeing, while John McGraw was timekeeper. It was one of the most successful affairs ever conducted by the church athletic association.  


Camden Courier-Post * January 28, 1928

Patrons, Patronesses Announced Today for First Military Ball

Patrons and patronesses for the first military ball of the Camden Post No. 960, Veterans of Foreign Wars, to be held on Friday evening February 3 in the Elks auditorium, Seventh and Cooper Streets., are announced today.

The following prominent men and women are listed: Mrs. J.W. Connor, Miss C.M. Day, Mrs. J.H. Forsyth, Mrs. H.J. Goodyear, Miss B. Graham, Mrs. R.E. Green, Mrs. E.F. Haines, Mrs. J. Hood Jr., Mrs. W. Hurley, Mrs. J. Jarrell, Mrs. T. Keefe, Mrs. J.F. Kobus, Mrs. L. Liberman, Mrs. F.L. Lloyd, Mrs. M.A. Logan, Mrs. T.P. McConaghy, Mrs. F.F. Neutze, Mrs. L.K. Marr, Mrs. J.A. Pennington, Mrs. M.E. Ramsey, Mrs. E. Truax, Mrs. S.M. Shay, Mrs. W.J. Staats, Mrs. B.G. Tarburton, Mrs. R.W. Waddell, Mrs. E. Watson, Mrs. E.P. Wescott, Mrs. C.A. Wolverton. 

David Baird Jr., William T. Boyle, Isaac Ferris, William Hurley, John Hood Jr., John Jarrell, Victor King, William J. Kraft, Thomas Keefe, Joseph F. Kobus, Hon. Edmund B. Leaming, Dr. A. Haines Lippincott, James H. Long, L.K. Marr, Dr. Thomas P. McConaghy, Hon. Frank F. Neutze, Samuel P. Orlando, Albert E. Simmons, Edwin Watson, Ethan P. Wescott.


Camden Courier-Post - February 10, 1928


Camden Courier-Post
June 4, 1930


Hotel Walt Whitman - South Jersey Law School, Class of 1930 - George M. Cabnet
Robert H. Aaronson Jr. - Harold B. Wells - Elmer G. Van Name - Carl Joseph Geiges
Arthur E. Armitage - Dr. Camille Estornille -
St. John's Episcopal Church - Mary Walsh Kobus
James F. Minturn - Weidner Titzck

From the 1930 Archive,
the yearbook of the
South Jersey Law School


Camden Courier-Post - October 21, 1931

BITTING AT IS SPEAKER BAIRD MEETING

George B. Bitting, candidate for surrogate in Burlington County, was one of the principal speakers on behalf of the candidacy of David Baird for governor last night at a rally of the Pennsauken Township Republican Women's League.

Other speakers were Assemblyman George D. Rothermel, Mrs. Mary Walsh Kobus and George R. Braunwarth and Russell F. Walton, candidates for reelection to the township committee.

Mrs. Thomas Thorpe sang two solos and Mrs. Herbert Longacre gave a reading. More than 150 women attended the rally.


Camden Courier-Post - June 2, 1932

Mary W. Kobus - Holy Name Roman Catholic Church - Church of the Sacred Heart
Ss. Peter and Paul's Roman Catholic Church - Church of the Immaculate Conception

Camden Courier-Post - June 3, 1932

Mary W. Kobus - Holy Name Roman Catholic Church - Church of the Sacred Heart
Ss. Peter and Paul's Roman Catholic Church - Church of the Immaculate Conception



 
...continued...
Holy Name Roman Catholic Church - Mary Kobus - Elsie McHugh
Mrs. Mary Kauffmann - Mrs. A. Laviano - Mrs. Frances Schwoeri - Mrs. Mary Daruns
Mrs. Catherine Schlitz - Mrs. Catherine Belsey - Mrs. Mary M. Kelly
Mrs. Catherine V. Kurtz - Rev. Thomas J. Whelan - Rev. William J. Fitzgerald

Camden
Courier-Post
June 11, 1932

John D. Cesaria
John Salvatore
Mechanic Street


Camden Courier-Post - June 6, 1933
CAMPAIGN PLANNED BY SALVATION ARMY
Executives of Organization Discuss Budget for Camden and Propose Drives

Plans for a campaign to raise funds to cover the budget of the Salvation Army Corps here were discussed yesterday at a meeting of members of the executive board at Hotel Walt Whitman.

William D. Sayrs, chairman of the committee presided and requested that a successor be appointed. The nominating committee selected Earl Lippincott, chairman; Mrs. Arthur Casselman and John J. Robinson, vice chairmen.

Brigadier James A. Harvey, commanding the Philadelphia region of the Army reviewed the Work accomplished at the Camden headquarters, under direction of Captain Charles W. Schafter.

An itemized report of receipts and expenditures together with a budget outline were submitted by Captain Schaffer.

Included among the members at the meeting were Reverend John Pemberton, Mrs. Charles A. Wolverton, Mrs. Casselman, Mrs. Mary W. Kobus, Herman Hensgen, Joseph Tweedy, Frank C. Propert, and Robinson.

Other members of the committee include Howard Hemphill, George C. Baker, Patrick Harding, Dr. James Rodgers, Dr. F. William Schafer and Dr. Albert Pancoast.  


Camden Courier-Post - June 9, 1933
POINT PLEASANT P.-T. A. HEARS CAMDEN WOMAN

Point Pleasant, June 8- Mrs. Mary W. Kobus, of Camden, South Jersey district regent, was one of the principal speakers today at the quarterly meeting of the Amboy District, Diocesan Parent-Teacher Association, in St. Peter's Church. More than 300 attended. 

Other speakers included Rev. Father Reilly, rector of St. Catherine's Church, Spring Lake, and chancellor of the Trenton Diocese; Rev. Michael Dalton, diocesan superintendent of schools, and Rev. Father Adolph, O.M.C., rector of St. Peter's Church. 


Camden Courier-Post * June 24, 1933
SALVATION ARMY NAMES LIPPINCOTT
Camden Unit Makes Real Estate Broker Chairman of Advisory Boards

Earl R. Lippincott, real estate broker, has been named chairman of the advisory board of the Camden unit of the Salvation Army, succeeding William D. Sayrs.

Elections of officers for the group were held yesterday following a luncheon meeting at Hotel Walt Whitman. Vice chairmen of the organization include John J. Robinson and Mrs. Arthur J. Casselman.

Other officers include Mrs. Charles A. Wolverton, treasurer, and Miss Elizabeth Magill, secretary.

Members of the executive committee selected the following committees: Woman's committee, Mrs. Arthur H. Holl and Mrs. Wilfred W. Fry; finance committee, Dr. F. William Shafer, William D. Sayrs, Frank C. Propert, Mrs.  Wolverton and Mrs. Holl; property committee, Howard Hemphill, John J. Robin son, Herman E. Hensgen, Arthur J. Casselman and George C. Baker; public relations and publicity, Rev. John Pemberton, Joseph G. Tweedy, Mrs. Mary W. Kobus, Dr. Albert B. Pancoast and Patrick H. Harding; program committee, Dr. James Rodger, Propert, Robinson, Tweedy and John L. Shannon. 


CAMDEN COURIER-POST

AUGUST 3, 1935

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CAMDEN COURIER-POST * AUGUST 3, 1935

POLICE FORCE POLITICS BANNED COMMISSIONER KOBUS DECLARES
Calls for 100% Efficiency and Promises Square Deal
for All in Talk to Commanders; Stresses Fact Colsey is Chief

 “I want 100% efficient police department and not a political machine.”

 Commissioner Mary W. Kobus, new director of public safety, made that declaration yesterday afternoon at a joint police-press conference in her office at city hall before she was served with a writ restraining her from taking that office.

 Commissioner Kobus was the kindly mother talking to her “boys” for the most of the conference- but at times she became the stern parent-  with the birchrod in the cupboard- as she instructed the police heads to “divorce themselves from politics.”

 “For many years I have nursed in my heart a desire to see Camden with a 100% efficient police department”, the commissioner said. “Now that time is at hand.”

 “I have known all of you men for many years,” she told the assembled commanders, “and I don’t care what your respective political affiliations might be. You have a right to you opinions, but I want the police department to divorce itself from politics.

 . “You must know what is going on in your city and you must let me know. I must have 100 percent cooperation if I am to succeed in this new undertaking. 

“If you have any complaints, don’t go around and growl, undermining the department. Lay your cards on the table, I guarantee you a fair deal.

 “Chief Colsey is head of the police department and not in name only. You others in the rank you occupy are also commanders in fact and not in name. It is up to you.”

 The commissioner urged a closer co-operation between police and the press and concluded by saying she wanted her “family” to be honest-to-goodness policemen “because there is no room in the department for those who are not.”

 Attending the conference was Chief Arthur Colsey, Lieutenant Herbert Anderson, chief clerk of the bureau; Lieutenants George Frost, Ralph Bakley, Walter Welch, Samuel E. Johnson and George Ward.

Camden Courier-Post - August 29, 1935

...continued...
...continued...
Harold W. Bennett - Mary Kobus - George Brunner - Frank J. Hartmann Jr. - Otto Braun
Frederick von Nieda - E.G.C. Bleakly - Diamond - W. Gentry Hodgson

Camden Courier-Post - August 29, 1935

.... continued...

.... continued...

Albert S. Woodruff - Elizabeth C. Verga - Emma Hyland - Harry L. Maloney - Hotel Walt Whitman
Firmin Michel - Carl Kisselman - Mitchell H. Cohen - Edward V. Martino - John J. Crean 
Clay W. Reesman - William D. Sayrs - Pauline Caperoon - Abe Fuhrman - Harold W. Bennett 
Mary Kobus - George E. Brunner - Frank J. Hartmann Jr. - Frank T. Lloyd - Frederick von Nieda


CAMDEN COURIER-POST * AUGUST 30, 1935
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CAMDEN COURIER-POST * AUGUST 31, 1935
JOHNSON GETS WARD'S JOB AS KOBUS ORDERS COP SHAKEUP
SHAW MADE ASSISTANT IN PLACE OF KOERNER

 By Charles L. Humes 

In a shakeup of Camden police officials yesterday afternoon Lieutenant Samuel E. Johnson was named acting chief of detectives by Commissioner Mary W. Kobus, director of public safety. 

Lieutenant George A. Ward, who has been in charge of the detective bureau for a year, was transferred to take Johnson's place in charge of headquarters. 

Detective Louis Shaw was made assistant to Johnson, replacing Detective Sergeant Gus Koerner. Koerner was transferred to the Second District, for radio car and street duty. The new order became effective at 4:00 PM yesterday                       

Police Chief Arthur Colsey announced the changes in the bureau after a two-hour conference with Commissioner Kobus yesterday afternoon. 

Maurice Di Nicuolo, who has been an acting detective, was transferred to the First Police District, with former Acting Detective Clifford Del Rossi returning to his old post in the detective bureau. 

In the only other transfer announced, Sergeant Harry Newton was switched from the First Police District to the Third, with Sergeant Edward Carroll going from the Third to the First. 

Although no other changes were made public, it is believed yesterday’s are a forerunner of numerous shifts to be made today or early next week.’ 

“These changes are being made for the good of the service,” Commissioner Kobus declared. “There will be other transfers of officers and men so that all the police may familiarize themselves with all the branches of the department.”

 Lieutenant Johnson was a appointed a policeman on January 1, 1910. After 10 years as a patrolman, he was promoted to a detective, where he made a splendid record. On November 28, 1928 he was made a sergeant, and again promoted on April 8, 1930, when he became a lieutenant.

 Ward was appointed a policeman on August 2, 1917, promoted to detective January 1, 1927, sergeant November 14, 1928 and lieutenant on January 24, 1930.

  Johnson was a detective sergeant when former Police Chief John W. Golden was head of that bureau, but later was transferred to police headquarters.

Ward has been in and out of the detective bureau several times. He served for a time as the commander of the First District and later was ion charge of the police headquarters on the 12:00 midnight to 8:00 AM shift. He was a political lieutenant of former Public Safety Director David S. Rhone.


Camden Courier-Post * October 29, 1935

THIRD HEARING SET ON SALOON LICENSE
Rosedale Residents Object to Permit; Excise Board Ponders Action

The newly created city excise commission last night called a third public hearing on the application of Frank Caromano for a saloon license at Thirty-sixth street and Westfield avenue

The hearing was set for 10 a. m., Saturday.

The city commission held one formal hearing and one informal hearing on the application, protested  by 881 citizens of the Rosedale section of the Eleventh ward, led by Rev. W. Douglas Roe, pastor of the Rosedale Baptist Church.

Granting the application, Roe and others have contended, will open the Rosedale section, now without saloons, to other applications. 

The excise commission—formally the Municipal Board of Alcoholic Beverage Control—in practice adopted a policy of "go slow." It was the first business meeting of the board, composed of John L. Morrissey, chairman; Mrs. Ann Baumgartner, secretary, and Curtis O. Sangtinette.

Takes Notes of Meeting

Mrs. Pauline F. Caperoon, secretary to City Commissioner Mary W. Kobus, director of public safety, took stenographic notes of the meeting. She explained this was merely to keep the board straight until the new board becomes more familiar with procedure.

City Clerk Otto E. Braun also recorded the minutes and said he will continue to do so in 
collaboration with Mrs. Baumgartner.

The meeting was held in Braun's private office. Only the members of the board, Mrs. Caperoon, Braun and newspaper reporters attended.

A license was granted to the Eleventh Ward Democratic Club, 1014 North Twenty-seventh street. A transfer of the license of Charles T. Bateman from 600 Mt. Vernon street to 1900 South Sixth street was approved.

Police Probe Asked

Police investigation was requested by the board on the applications of Peter Bradsky for 801 Chestnut street and Frank D'Alesandro, 523 South Third street.

The police department will do the bulk of the investigating for the new board, Mrs. Kobus, has announced.

A personal investigation by members of the board was decided upon in the application of Dominic Guglielmo for a transfer from 245 Chestnut street to 2222 Federal street

Action was deferred on the application of a transfer of the license of Mary Hinkson to Edgar H. Beattie at 949 North Twenty-fifth street.


Camden Courier-Post * October 29, 1935

Fleet Adequate to Defend U. S. And Maintain Peace Urged by Wolverton in Navy Day Speech 
Congressman Praises Theodore Roosevelt for Interest in Nation's Marine Forces; Parade And Dinner Conclude Celebration in Camden

Congressman Charles A. Wolverton, in an address yesterday commemorating Navy Day, urged the United States to 'maintain a navy of sufficient strength and effectiveness for the adequate defense of the nation.

The address featured a program sponsored by the officers and enlisted men of the Second Battalion, U. S. Naval Reserves, for the observance of the 160th anniversary of the establishment of the U. S. Navy.

The program was concluded last night with a parade of the battalion, followed by a dinner and entertainment at its headquarters, 715 Pine street. More than 200 took part in the ceremonies.

In his address, broadcast over WCAM, Congressman Wolverton praised the efforts of former President Theodore Roosevelt to develop the sea forces of the nation and said it was "particularly appropriate" that October 27, the anniversary of his birth, should be set aside for the observance of Navy Day. Due to the day falling on Sunday this year, programs commemorating it were held throughout the nation yesterday.

"As the American Navy in the past has never been other than an instrument in the hands of the people to foster and maintain peace," Congressman Wolverton said, "so with confidence I have faith in its future usefulness because I continue to have faith in the peaceful purposes of America.

"The primary purpose of the Navy is to maintain peace. It never declares war, and when war is declared the power of the Navy is used to re-establish peace at the earliest possible moment.

"Time and again the strength of our Navy has prevented war. It never provoked war. To give the Navy additional strength will make more certain our own peace and the peace of the world.

Hit Propaganda

"Notwithstanding the peaceful aims and ambitions of our nation throughout the entire period of its existence, there are those in our midst many of whom are misguided by untrue and unpatriotic propaganda to which an adequate navy would be interpreted throughout the world as an intention upon the part of the United States to enter upon an aggressive policy, and that there could be no other result except to provoke a spirit of war.

"Is it possible that any one within the boundaries of this country, and especially those who claim citizenship herein, could be so unappreciative of the true spirit of America as to believe that any such warlike spirit dominates their fellow countrymen when their representatives in Congress merely seek to provide for our national security?

"Although America is a peace loving nation, yet, there is a distinct obligation to ourselves and to the peace of the world, that we shall maintain, within treaty limits, a navy sufficiently strong and effective as will deter any other less peacefully inclined nation, from disturbing either our own peace or that of the world.

"The United States Navy is the most potent and influential factor in promoting and maintaining peace and insuring its blessings to ourselves and those of the weaker nations of the earth, who look to us for protection and security."

Mayor Frederick von Nieda and Commander O. M. Read, U. S. N., officer in charge of the Fourth District Naval Reserves, were the guests of honor and principal speakers at the banquet.

Lieut.-Commander George W. Keefe, U. S. N. Reserve, commanding officer of the battalion, acted as toastmaster.

Mayor von Nieda expressed pleasure at the development of the Camden battalion and the success of efforts in the last legislature to obtain an appropriation for the erection of a new armory for the battalion on the Cooper river near Admiral Wilson Boulevard.

Battalion Praised

Commander Read praised the officers and men of the battalion for the efficiency of their organization and predicted with the increased facilities the new armory would afford, that the battalion would rank with the best of the naval militia.

A program of entertainment, lasting more than an hour, was presented by entertainers from the studios of Camden and Philadelphia radio broadcasting stations.

The United States Navy has led the way in aviation research, Gov. George H. Earle said in an address before several thousand persons attending a Navy Day program in Philadelphia.
The governor, who commanded a submarine chaser during the World War, pointed out that the functions of the navy were many and varied.

"Navy Day," he asserted, "is set apart each year to bring to the attention of the people of the United States the function of our navy in the maintenance of national defense As citizens it is our duty to know something about the navy, so that we may know why we need a navy and why it must be maintained in efficient condition.

"Experimental work performed by the navy, led to the development of metal aircraft construction, and now metal construction is the recognized standard."

Governor Earle said that "not only has the navy blazed the trail across the Atlantic, but it also sent a squadron of patrol planes from San Francisco to Hawaii."

Four members of the Camden City Commission attended the launching of the destroyers Cassin and Shaw at the League Island Navy Yard. They are Mayor von Nieda, Commissioners Mary W. Kobus, George E. Brunner and Frank J. Hartmann Jr.

Immediately after the launching the keel of the new cruiser, U. S. S Wichita, was laid on the No. 2 ship-ways. The keels of the Cassin and Shaw were laid in October, 1934. The Wichita is the eighteenth of the "flyweight" cruisers built by the United States under the provisions ot the London naval treaty of 1930.

Henry Latrobe Roosevelt, assistant secretary of the navy, was the principal speaker of the launching of the two destroyers.


CAMDEN COURIER-POST * FEBRUARY 5, 1936

Hartmann Names Dr. Baker Public Works Staff Physician
Civil Service Commission Asked to Approve $1500 Job
ACTION DECLARED ECONOMY MOVE

The State Civil Service Commission has been requested to authorize appointment of a staff physician for the Camden City department of public works at an annual salary of $1500, and Dr. Maurice E. Baker has been named to the post on an ad interim appointment by Commissioner Frank J. Hartmann, Jr.

Dr. Baker, a Democrat, was a candidate for city commissioner last May on the New Deal-Non Partisan ticket, which elected Hartmann and Commissioners Mary W. Kobus and George E. Brunner.

Hartmann said last night that Dr. Baker has been acting as staff physician for the past four days and has made 12 examinations.

Some of these, Hartmann said, were for city employees with frost­bitten toes, fingers and ears, who are claiming compensation, and one was of a woman who slipped and fell on a sidewalk.

"Dr. Baker, of course, is not getting paid a salary now," Hartmann said, "but we hope he can be placed on a salary as a money-saving movement.

"Heretofore the physicians examining city workmen on compensation claims have charged the city $10 for each examination.

"I expect Dr. Baker to make 600 to 700 calls a year, most of them examinations, and thus get the work, done for $2 in each case.

"I expect also to save money on compensation claims by having Dr. Baker make examinations of any new men hired, so that we may be sure they are in good physical condition. As it is a man could receive an injury somewhere else, go to work for the city and then claim compensation for the injury by pretending it happened on the city job.

"Dr. Baker's examinations of the present employees will lead to compensation claim savings also, as we will be in position to make some of these men take steps to protect themselves and the city, where remedial action seems necessary."

Hartmann said all members of the city commission except Mayor Frederick von Nieda have endorsed the employment of a staff physician. "I haven't had a chance to talk to the mayor about it yet," Hartmann said. City Solicitor E. G. C. Bleakly also has approved the move as offering a chance to save money, Hartmann said. 


Camden Courier-Post - February 8, 1936

CAMDEN HIGH GIRLS TO PUSH CAMPAIGN FOR 'PLAY STREETS’
Members of Health Class Urge Areas to Cut Down Juvenile Delinquency
MRS. KOBUS' AID SOUGHT

By E. CECILIA CUMMINGS

Camden High School senior girls in 12th year health classes recom­mend play streets, especially in South Camden, as a preventive meas­ure for juvenile delinquency.

Death by automobile, vandalism and petty crime, they think, all spring from the same root- lack of safe places for supervised play.

This is a direct outcome of discussions in Miss Marjorie Van Horn's health classes, and of a campaign whittled to make Camden residents "reform school disgrace" conscious.

In their study of child welfare, they have been impressed above the eyebrows by the effects poor housing, crowded conditions and lack of recreation have on health, and how all these tie together to mould the typical reform school occupant.

Discussions during class period weren't getting them anywhere, however. Up spoke Frances Allebach impatiently: "We talk and talk, but why don't we DO something." She was promptly voted chairman, and Margaret Baker, secretary, of an embryo campaign.

But that was only the beginning.

It developed into a speech-making, propaganda-distributing, doorbell­pushing and petition-signing campaign, and it's showing results.

A group went to Director of Public Safety Mary W. Kobus and asked her to authorize the roping off of little-traveled streets. Reconnoitering on auto trips, armed with city maps and pencils, showed them suitable locations for play streets. Mrs. Kobus promised them her hearty support, but reminded them the signatures of all residents on those thoroughfares were necessary to rope them off as playground substitutes.

Plan for Summer

They set forth in pairs to acquire those signatures, and obtained a high percentage, according to Miss Van Horn. Their present work is to complete the petitions, when they will again visit Mrs. Kobus. Since most school playgrounds will be closed, the play streets will be needed most in Summer time, and the seniors started their campaign early enough for it to be climaxed by then.

Indirectly, the need for more play opportunities has seeped out into county municipalities, Miss Van Horn reports, through Camden's service clubs. Two seniors approached these clubs, various Parent Teacher associations and several churches, for their cooperation. Since numerous service club members do not reside in Camden, they carried ideas from the girls' speeches out into the county, where they may take new growth.

Girls active in the campaign as speakers were Olive Patterson, Madeline Danner, Lois Davis, Dorothy Schoellkopf, Henrietta McCausland, Miss Allebach, Margaret Baker, Rose Shectman, Helen Brown, Mary Burke and Ruth Austermuhl.  

So, that more or less theoretical, social service work which might be about as interesting as cold oatmeal, put these seniors all in a lather. However, graduation took some of them away from their pet project. To counteract this, the health de­partment kept in reserve a volunteer group of 22 low senior girls to carry on their predecessors' work. These girls became graduating seniors this week.

Campaign In February

Their definite work during February is to sound out all P. T. A. organizations, set their case before them, and encourage the members to sign petitions. Miss Van Horn's plans make the campaign broaden during the next four months like compound interest-so that every city organization of any influence at all will be reached.

In their speeches to the various organizations, the girls emphasize that the largest one-age group of boys and girls in prisons is 19, and the second largest group, 18. More than half of all automobiles stolen, they have found, can be attributed to boys under 15.

Supervised recreation grounds in each crowded district, to keep idle youngsters out of mischief when not in school are the prime solutions to the increasing delinquency problem, the speeches assert.

Bertha Faber is chairman of a committee arranging dates for speeches and publicity. Posters have also been created and placed in approximately 30 Camden stores.


Camden Courier-Post * February 11, 1936

SHOTS HALT FLIGHT AFTER CAR HITS COP
Policeman Fires from Ground and Liquor Raid Fugitive Stops

 Four men were arrested amid revolver shots after a Camden policeman was knocked down by a police car during a raid yesterday afternoon.

Acting on orders of Commissioner Mary W. Kobus, who is continuing her drive to rid the city of speakeasies, three policemen and two detectives surrounded the home of James Ford, colored, at 1124 South Ninth street, shortly. before 3 p. m.

Patrolmen Edward Shapiro and Thomas Kauffman arrived in a radio car. So did James Brown and John Houston, two colored detectives. Patrolman Earl Stopfer arrived on foot.

Three policemen went to the back door. Kauffman stayed in the radio car at the front. Shapiro knocked at the front door.

The policemen at the rear were ahead of those opt front. As a re­sult four men ran out through the front door .and bowled over Shapiro. The man in the lead, who later was identified as Wilbur "Lackey" Davis, of 821 Mt. Vernon street, raced up the street, a quart bottle of liquor in hand.

Kauffman had driven his radio car behind another machine. He started the engine and attempted to back out to give chase. Shapiro ran behind the car and as he did, the machine struck him, knocking him into the middle of the street. Prone, Shapiro drew his revolver and opened fire on Davis.

Three shots were fired in the air.

Two others were closer to the fugitive, who halted. With the sound of shooting, the other three men yielded to the assembled policemen.

They gave their names as Ford, Herman Hopkins, 21, of 1124 South Ninth street, and Harry McLane, 29, of 746 Kaighn avenue.

All will be arraigned today.

Ford, Hopkins and McLane will be charged with violating the state A.B.C. act. In addition, Davis will be charged with resisting arrest.

Patrolman Shapiro was hurt but slightly.


CAMDEN COURIER-POST - FEBRUARY 14, 1936

COMMISSION KILLS CIRCULAR ORDINANCE
Measure to Limit Size and Fix Fees Protested at Noisy Hearing

The ordinance approved on first reading January 29 amending the present law regulating the distribution of circulars was voted down by the· city commission on second reading yesterday, after a public hearing.

Public hearings scheduled on five other ordinances were postponed. These included three refunding measures, one amending present laws designed to stop littering the streets, and the other extending the closing time for barber shops.

Opposition to the circular ordi­nance, which would have restricted the size of such advertising matter to 6 by 4 inches and required a permit and tax fur distribution, was voiced by merchants and representatives of the Socialist and Communist parties.

The hearing was a noisy one, with sporadic outbursts from the audience causing Mayor Frederick von Nieda to rap for order frequently.

Grocers Protest

A. David Epstein, attorney representing the South Jersey Grocers Association, with a membership of 200 independent grocers, was vigorous in his opposition to the amendment. He argued that circulars provide the only means for members to advertise their wares and said the proposed size hardly meets their requirements. Present circulars are 12-1/2 by 19 inches in size, and have been used over a period of years, Epstein said. The lawyer also objected to levying a tax, pointing out that each distributor is forced to take out a $6 license now.

Commissioner Harold W. Bennett said many justifiable complaints had been received declaring porches, steps and yards were littered with circulars and other advertising matter. He said such papers should be attached securely to doors or handed in.

Commissioner Mary W. Kobus said she saw no need for the proposed amendment, declaring the existing law requires distributors to place circulars on a doorknob with a rubber band.          

Irving Levinsky, Broadway merchant, said he would favor the ordinance if the size was increased to 12 by 22 inches.

Theatre Manager Speaks

A chorus of boos caused Mayor von Nieda to demand order. Levinsky said he agreed that "newspaper circulars," or thick, bulky ones, should be outlawed.

This drew an objection from Joseph Murdock, local theatre manager, who defended multiple page circulars issued by him, in advertising motion pictures.

Commissioner Frank J. Hartmann, original sponsor of the ordinance, then moved that It be tabled.

Charles S. Danenhower, Camden and South Jersey organizer for the Communist party, objected that the measure should be killed outright "in the interest of the working classes."

Hartmann called for action on the ordinance, and it was voted down by unanimous vote.

When the refunding ordinances were laid over for the third time, Bennett said quickly action was necessary, and asked that the mayor be authorized to call a meeting before the next regularly scheduled session, to handle the matter. 


Camden Courier-Post * February 20, 1936

National Puzzlers to Hold Semi-Annual Session Here
Amateur Creators of Brain Twisters Open Three-Day Conclave Tomorrow;
Mrs. Kobus To Greet Delegates on Arrival

 Puzzledom, that world of crypto-grams, psychology and pseudonyms, will have its capital in Camden beginning and continuing through Sunday. It will be the 105th semi-annual convention of the National Puzzlers' League, Inc.

Back in 1926, sesquicentennial year of American Independence, the puzzlers held their 86th semi-annual convention here. The fact Joseph Kobus, retired Broadway merchant, is a charter member of the organization, founded in 1883, and that his wife, City Commissioner Mary W. Kobus, is now first vice president, may have had something to do with the selection of Camden for both gatherings. Mrs. Kobus was president in 1929.

Close to 100 members, from all sections of the country east of the Mississippi, are expected. Convention headquarters are to be in the Walt Whitman Hotel. The member-ship includes, besides amateur puzzle creators, affiliated with regional puzzlers' clubs, many of the best known contributors of puzzle ideas to magazines and newspapers.

Have Pseudo Names in puzzledom each is known by a pseudonmy, self-chosen. Mrs. Kobus, for instance, is H. S. Law, which is a reverse spelling of her name before marriage, Walsh. Commissioner Kobus- beg pardon, H. S. Law- is chairman of the reception committee which will welcome members as they arrive tomorrow afternoon and night. Many attractive entertainment features will be crowded into the two-day session.

On the convention program for Saturday morning is a meeting of the organization's board of trustees. Then, following a scenic automobile trip, the opening session of the convention will be held from 1:00 PM to 3:00 PM. A theatre party and a banquet will conclude the day's activities.

Features of Sunday's program, after breakfast and church services, will be a puzzle broadcast from Station WCAM at 11:00 AM, the closing session of the convention in the afternoon, to be followed by award of a cup to the winner of a puzzle contest.

WPA Band to Play

Sunday evening there will be a meeting of the MMM, Minute Men of Mystery, an organization within the league, followed by a dinner and "surprises". The  WPA leisure time band, directed by Joseph Fuhrman, will give a musical program at the hotel for the benefit of the visitors Saturday night.

"It has been generally agreed by discerning critics that Puzzledom, as we know it, received a big upward life toward a higher and better organized plane by reason of a historic meeting here in 1926," Mrs. Kobus said, "and we hope the coming session win prove just as brilliant." Other officers of the league are: Charles Jacobsen (Oedipus), of Whitestone NY, president; Paul E. Thompson (Blackstone), Cleveland Heights OH, second vice president; Lewis Trent (C. Saw), New York NY, secretary; John Q. Boyer (Primrose), Baltimore MD, treasurer; Rufus T. Strohm (Arty Ess), Scranton PA, official editor, and J. H. Wickham (Wick  O'Cincy), Cincinnati OH, Ohio trustee.


Camden Courier-Post * February 20, 1936

ADVISERS BAR 60 FUND PLAN; APPROVE OF 77
Forget Politics and Adopt an Honest Budget, City Rulers Told

COLLECT TAXES,
REPORT Urges
Commissions Also Urged to County Affairs

By W. OLIVER KINCANNON 

Disregard Chapter 60. 

Refinance under Chapter 77. 

Reinforce that with what security you can give by resolution or ordinance, but Disregard Chapter 60.

Use a business rather than a political basis.

Take an active Interest In the management of Camden County as well as Camden city, acting as a committee of inquiry on county management.

These are some of the points of advice given to the City Commission yesterday, at a special meeting of the Commission, by its Citizens' Advisory Committee.  

In trip-hammer style, James W. Burnison, chairman of the advisory group, read a report that followed with these recommendations: 

Forget politics and work as a unit.

Cut expenses and stay within your budgets.

Prepare a complete and honest budget.

Let the taxpayers decide when an emergency exists that requires an addition to the budget. Fight shy of gamblers' Interest rates.

Don't default; it's too costly.

Get on a cash basis and stay there.

Make every taxpayer in the city realize and live up to his tax responsibility.

Think about Camden city and county in a patriotic rather than a political sense. 

Vote to Act Quickly 

The commission voted to take quick action by passing a motion introduced by Commissioner Harold W. Bennett, director of revenue and finance.

This motion empowers Bennett to call, as quickly as possible, a meeting of the commission, representatives of its advisory committee, the finance committee of the board of freeholders, representatives of the city's bonding attorneys, Hawkins, Delafield and Longfellow, representatives of Lehman Brothers and other bond houses to determine what arrangement can be effected to solve the city's financial problems. Setting forth that it is not our intent or desire to criticize the performances of past or present city officers, " the report nevertheless, contained frank condemnation of emergency deficiency appropriations for items that are and were left off budgets. 

Hits Past Budgets 

It contained also implied condemnation of all the city budgets since 1930 and pointed out: "That Camden City receipts have been running behind expenditures approximately $1,000,000 a year since 1930."

"Our yearly budgets do not at present, and did not in the past, in the opinion of your committee, give a frank clear picture of anticipated income and expenditures.  

“The job of contacting bondholders to procure interest reductions, "your 'committee finds, has not been handled as frankly as it deserves. We can find no evidence of a sincere effort to layout a program and attack this problem logically. No more than 30 cents can be lopped off the tax' rate if the contacting program were completely successful. The committee has failed to receive a requested report of efforts to contact bondholders.

The committee was convinced that it is futile to expect any large-scale interest cuts from bondholders. 

 Hopeful of Rate Cut 

It believes the majority of high interest-bearing bonds can be refunded at substantially lower interest rates if constructive action is taken immediately. The committee has been informed that the state has refused to accept "reasonable rates" on the city's bonds held by the State.

Furthermore, "the present difference of opinion on this subject among members of our present city commission would in itself effectively block any real work along this line, " and "We feel that real results along this line require a united front on the part of our commission and the county freeholders." "Our sinking fund, we are informed, is stuffed with our own frozen paper. Such financing, in our estimation, kills the purpose of such funds."

"The present plan of singling out a few wards in our city and call for sporadic tax sales is neither fair to the delinquent taxpayers in these wards nor is it fair to the taxpayers throughout the city." 

Has Detail Report 

After concluding his reading of the summarized report, Burnison informed the commissioners the committee has completed a detailed report of "40 to 42 pages of homework for you" and said that will be submitted today.

"That will contain detailed recommendations, including some errors in figures and in judgment, but we ask that you disregard the errors and use the good in it," Burnison said.

He explained that when he mentioned 30 cents as the maximum figure to be lopped from the tax rate of the city were completely successful in obtaining interest reductions, he figured that would be the result if the city got 2% to 3 percent rates on all its bonds..

"There’s a large number of these bonds you can't hope to refund at lower interest rates, as the rates already are low. You couldn't get under 4 or 4% percent on your first refunding under Chapter 77 and almost all of the bonds not immediately refundable are around those figures, " he said.

Commissioner Bennett immediately opened up argument concerning what the committee thinks will replace his favored refunding plan- Chapter 60 combined with Chapter 77. 

Tells Objection to 60 Plan 

"Sixty seems to give the other fellow more advantages than us; that's our objection to it," Burnison said.

"Apparently you have been assured from some source that we can avoid an increase in the tax rate without adopting Chapter 60," Bennett said and continued:

"I see no way of keeping down this year's budget without 60. Politics is out in my argument, but I honestly believe 60 and 77 combined make the only plan for us. Under the present plan the rate will go up this year. Won't you tell us your source of assurance that it will not?"

Burnison did not answer the question immediately and Bennett said: "We would have to pass resolutions committing us to procedure similar to that under Chapter 60, wouldn't we?"

"Yes," Burnison answered, "but not binding you to as close supervision. You can't continue to exceed receipts and improve conditions anyway."

"Well," Bennett said, "give us the advantage of your sources assurance.” 

Tells Sources 

"We have two such sources," Burnison said. "Mr. Middleton is one.

(Melbourne F. Middleton, Jr., former city director of revenue and finance and now a bond dealer interested in the city's refunding issues.)

"Lehman Brothers (New York bankers who have handled many of the city's bonds in the past and were interviewed last Friday by the advisory committee) also said if we showed a sincere frank idea of economizing and staying within our budget, the bondholders would accept our bonds without necessity of recourse to Chapter 60.

"They said 60 'meant no more to the bondholder than resolutions and ordinances, if you get together and go on record to give security and then do it.

"I don't think the city commission should have any compunction in binding itself not to exceed the budget. Then, if you find it is impossible for you to operate on what you are taking in under the present tax rate, call in a group of taxpayers say 200 of them-and explain the situation and raise the tax rate.

"Any reasonable man or group will see the necessity and logic of that. They will go along with you.

"But under Chapter 60 you put yourself under a rigorous unbending set of restrictions." 

Mrs. Kobus Urges Action 

"Let's quit arguing and do it," Commissioner Mary W. Kobus suggested, and Mayor Frederick von Nieda asked: "If we take an average of the income for the past three years would you not consider that average for this year?"

"Yes", said Burnison.

At that point Bennett made his motion for power to call a special meeting of the freeholders, commissioners, citizens' group, bond attorneys and bond dealers, and it was passed unanimously after Commissioner George E. Brunner seconded it.

"I reserve the right own discretion about dealers will be asked” Bennett remarked.

"It may be that Lehman Brothers are the only ones who will trust us," Burnison said. "They know the lines we are working along. They work with other houses, and there may be other sources of credit we can tap."

"Well, 42 of the largest cities in New Jersey with 62 percent of all at the ratables of the state are under Chapter 60 now," Bennett said.  

"Sixty-two percent could be wrong," Burnison answered and laughed, adding: "In my opinion, those cities going under 60 haven't looked very far ahead."

"That's what we have done," Bennett replied. "My department has done that and that is why we are advocating 60.” 

Burnison Disagrees 

"Well there are members on our committee who know a good bit about that sort of thing and they say the city is justified in not going under 60," Burnison said.

"The Legislature is going to pass a new budget law that will act just the same as Chapter 60, though it will not be passed in time to effect this year's budget," Bennett said.

"Well," said Burnison, "I'd think the commission would prefer to adopt a safe course voluntarily than to be forced into it."

"We have no assurance that those who will have charge of the city's affairs for the next 15 or 18 years will follow the course we lay down for them," Bennett said and added: "Past political experience shows that they won't."

This brought the argument to a close and Burnison, questioned by a reporter, said:

"We are not unalterably opposed to Chapter 60. We oppose it, yes. We believe under 77 a better job for us can be worked out." 

Members of the committee, in addition to Burnison, who attended the session are James V. Moran, Harry A. Kelleher, Carl R. Evered, Dr. Ulysses S. Wiggins, A. Lincoln Michener and Eugene E. Wales.

City Comptroller Sidney P. McCord, with an aide, attended, and a stenographer from Commissioner Bennett's office took a complete report of the proceedings.


Camden Courier-Post * February 20, 1936

MRS.KOBUS TO ADDRESS REALTY BOARD MEMBERS

 City Commissioner Mary W. Kobus will deliver the principal address today at the Camden County Real Estate Board luncheon in Hotel Walt Whitman. Her topic will be "Vandalism and the Police Department." Another speaker will be Emanuel Smith. who will speak on "The Development of a New Idea For State Taxation For Schools."


Camden Courier-Post - February 21, 1936

Hartmann Defended

To the Editor: 

Sir-Will you please print the following article in your Mail Bag. Now, my fellow citizens, where IS your howling and crying over the moneys spent by the city not being used for anything productive? Folks like to talk about others, but never a good word for those who deserve it. Mr. Hartmann has treated WPA workers like men, and they responded like men. I am one of them. I worked all day February 13 in the snow and storm and have not heard any grumbling from any of my buddies. Did the public ever stop crying the blues long enough to realize that I got $76 per month from relief? Of course I have a family and my wife never was satisfied, like lots of others, to take all and give nothing. Now I get $60 a month and we (my family) are happy again. Why? Be- cause I can at least make an effort to earn what I get. It's mine and I keep my kids dressed warmly and they go to the movies every Saturday afternoon. I feel 100 percent better than living on E.R.A. I have two very close friends on E.R.A. who laugh at me for working on W.P.A., but when they need a few pennies they look me up. Due to Mr. Hartmann we were kept on our jobs instead of being laid off. His efforts put us on the snowy streets. I've lived in this town for 38 years, my mother 57 years and my dad 68 years and all of us say the same thing. God give us some more Hartmanns and Kobuses instead of David ? regime. That's all, folks, your street

Improvements to date have cost you taxpayers practically nothing. Just a word to W.P.A. workers: Layoff of Kelly, he is a good man when you understand him.

HERBERT BARD
213 Penn Street.


Camden Courier-Post * February 24, 1936

OWNER HELD IN TAPROOM BRAWLS
Proprietor of Wall Street Club Charged With Hitting Policeman 

Four persons were arrested early yesterday during a free-for-all fight in the Wall Street Club, 340 Federal Street, according to police.

Edward Markowitz, 38, proprietor of the place, was arrested and charged with assault and battery on an officer, resisting arrest and disorderly conduct.

Ambrose Brown, 31, and his brother, Asher, 27, both of 2104 Spring Garden Street, Philadelphia, were arrested on complaint of George Brown, 29, of 1214 Mt. Ephraim Avenue, who charged them with assault and battery. The Browns under arrest are not related to the complainant. Brown, the complainant, is a brother-in-law of Patrolman Joseph Schultz.

Patrolmen Earl Wright and Gus Fortune were passing Fourth and Federal streets at 1:45 AM in a radio car with Commissioner Mary W. Kobus when a man ran out of the Wall Street Club and shouted to them that some men had been beating him.

When the policemen entered, Markowitz is alleged to have tried to eject the police. He said they had no right in his place, according to Wright and Fortune.

Markowitz was arrested with the three Browns. Wright alleges Markowitz struck him in the face. At police headquarters Mrs. Eleanor Brown, wife of Asher Brown, said she, her husband and brother-in-law were getting ready to leave the place when George Brown struck her in the face. She said her husband and brother-in-law struck George Brown in retaliation.

Police said when they reached the interior of the taproom men were fighting, women screaming and tables were being overturned.

Markowitz was held in $1000 bail. When booked at police headquarters, Markowitz was drunk, Wright and Fortune said. Ambrose and Asher Brown in $500 bail each and George Brown in $200 bail as a witness. They will have hearings today in police court.

Markowitz last night denied he struck Wright but alleged the patrolman knocked him unconscious at police headquarters. He said he was placed in a wheel chair and pushed into a cell. He charged he was not permitted to use a telephone until 7:00 AM.

"There was no fight in my place," Markowitz declared. "The fight was out on the street and Wright rushed into my place, grabbed me and hustled me to the patrol box. He struck me in the eye in my place and I never raised a hand to him. There were 20 persons in the place can testify I am telling the truth,"


Camden Courier-Post * February 24, 1936

KOBUS NAMED HEAD OF PUZZLERS GROUP AS CONVENTION ENDS
'Nedmac' (Spell It Backwards) Elected; Wife Retires as Vice President
NEW WORDS PRESENTED  

By THOMAS O'HALLORAN

Joseph F. Kobus, retired Camden merchant, was elected president of the National Puzzlers League, Inc. at the closing session yesterday of its 105th semi-annual convention.

The convention opened Saturday in the Hotel Walt Whitman.

The new president, husband of City Commissioner Mary W. Kobus, was, one of the earliest members of the organization, founded in 1883. His nom-de-plume in puzzledom is Nedmac.

Mrs. Kobus, retiring first vice president, is H. S. Law in the world of cryptograms, "flats" and "posers."

Others elected were: R. P. Woodman (Macropod) of North Quicy, Mass., to succeed Mrs. Kobus; Mrs. G. H. Ropes (Evero), of Detroit, Mich., second vice president; Lewis Trent (C. Saw), of New York, secretary for his 26th consecutive term; John Q. Boyer (Primrose), of Baltimore, treasurer; Rufus T. Strohm (Arty Ess), of Scranton, Pa., official editor, and J. H. Wickham (Wick O'Cincy), of Cincinnati, 0., trustee.

Following the business session about 50 members participated in a prize puzzle contest in the junior ball room of the hotel and the M.M.M. (Minute Men of Mystery), a social organization within the league, held a dinner meeting.

C. Saw Gets Bowl.

A silver bowl was presented to C. Saw as a testimonial to his 25 years' service as secretary of the league. He was lauded in a presentation speech by the retiring president, Charles Jacobson (Oedipus) of Whitestone, L. 1. ).

In, the puzzle contest a special prize for solution of a cryptogram in 1. was won by "Live Devil," who is William Lutwiniak, of Jersey City, a youthful member of the league. 

The cryptogram was submitted by a New York detective fiction magazine.

Mrs. Kobus, who was chairman of the convention reception committee, introduced several members as speakers on a broadcast program from Station WCAM in the morning.

They were Robert Anderson (Fort Sumter), of Jersey City, a charter member, Jacobson, Boyer, who spoke on cryptograms, and Louis C. Macaran, (Zoroaster) of Stonehurst, Pa.

Organization Recalled

Anderson recalled the organization of the league by a group of young men who met in Pythagoras Hall, on Canal Street, New York City, July 4, 1883. The hall has since been razed to make way for the Williamsburg Bridge over the East River. He said that of the 36 present about 10 survive. After the meeting, he said, the members celebrated by walking across Brooklyn Bridge, which had been opened only a few weeks before.

At yesterday's business session David Shulman, (Ab Struse), of New York City, proposed that the league t officially endorse as proper words for use in puzzledom "ismer" and "poorich."

"lsmer" was suggested by George H. Pryor (Miss Fitts) of Baltimore and "poorich" by Boyer (Primorse), the former to indicate one who is given to an "ism" as, for instance, a "braintruster," the latter to indicate that both poor and rich are not always to be sharply differentiated but may have interests in common.

The suggestion was referred to the educational committee, of which Boyer is chairman. He revealed later he had been instrumental in having the word "carefree" placed in Standard and other dictionaries when he discovered several years ago that the word, though in common usage, had never been listed by lexicographers.

It is the rule in puzzledom that in building up word forms no word can be used that is not in a recognized dictionary or is not officially endorsed by the league if newly coined.

Boston was selected for the 106th convention which will be held September 5, 6 and 7. .


Camden Courier-Post - February 26, 1936

CAMDEN VOTES TO PAY EXPERT ON REFUNDING OF CITY DEBTS
Applicants With Programs to Be Considered by Board Today
COMMISSIONERS AGREE ON KOBUS SUGGESTION
Chapter 60 and 77 Author Overruled in Plea to Disregard Proposal

Camden's city commissioners yesterday agreed to select a paid financial adviser to guide the city out of its financial morass.

. They said they expect to make the selection today.

A special gathering of the commis­sioners in Mayor Frederick von Nieda's offices at noon today was arranged to hear applications of candidates for the job.

No candidate will be considered un­less he has a plan to submit that looks attractive to the commissioners they said.

Decision to select the paid adviser came near the end of a hectic two and one-half hour conference of the commissioners with their citizens' advisory committee, members of the Freeholders budget committee, various bond brokers, and bankers and attorneys for the city and the bond dealers.

Proposed by Mrs. Kobus

The commissioners decided to en­gage the adviser against the recommendation and despite an eloquent plea of their bond attorney-L. Arnold Frye, of Hawkins, Delafield and Longfellow, New York attorneys.

It was at the suggestion of Commissioner Mary W. Kobus that the decision to bring in paid help was taken.

The action was taken under such a. way as to leave at least one bond house's representatives under the impression the commission is actually, though not legally, committed to accepting whatever plan their paid counselor may suggest.

His questions on this line, however, brought no definite answer.

"Oh. we'll agree," Mrs. Kobus said. "I think by the time we select the man we will select the plan," Commissioner Harold W. Bennett, director of revenue and finance, said.

Beyond that, the commissioners did not commit themselves.

Bennett, however, announced that the adviser's tenure will be "for whatever period we decide to engage him."

Names Confidential

Commissioner George E. Brunner suggested that the advisory committee submit the names of three prospects for the adviser's job and that committee's sub-committee on finance withdrew and returned to offer two names. They explained they could not suggest more than two.

The names were held confidential and no one knowing them would reveal their identity ..

There was some speculation as to whether they were Melbourne F. Middleton, Jr., Philadelphia bond broker and former city director of revenue and finance, and Norman S. Tabor, noted New York adviser on municipal fiscal affairs.

Fall to Make Pick

The commissioners, as soon as they received the two names in secret, withdrew into the mayor's private office for ten minutes to discuss the suggested helpers, but returned to announce that all applicants for the job will be heard at noon today.

This was accepted as tacit admission that no final agreement was reached on either name suggested.

Bennett announced:

"We are going to pick the man on a basis of his helpfulness to Camden, I want to say now 'that we will not necessarily select the man who offers to help us at the lowest cost.

"We want those applicants for the position who appear tomorrow to have a definite idea of what plan they expect the city to follow if they are engaged.

"Of course, we do not expect any minute detailed plan from any man not already acquainted with the situation, but we want it to be definite enough to enable us to know whether we will follow it.

"We want to keep the cost as low as possible, and we advise now that the cost of this help or advice must be low, but we will not pick the adviser on a cost basis purely.

'No Private Talks'

"We will make no commitments in advance. We will talk to no applicant until the time comes tomorrow. My conception of how we will select the adviser is this:

"Ability will come first. Then contacts, experience, the cost to the city and, of course, the acceptability of the plan offered."

The conference was called to discuss proposed refunding plans for Camden city, with most of the talk centering on the controversy over Chapter 60 as a refinancing basis.

Mrs. Kobus suggested appointment of the financial adviser at a meeting of the city commission to be held immediately.

"I have thought similarly during the last few days," said Bennett. "I realize it would be a big expense, but the City is reaching a crisis and it might be money well spent."

Brunner asked the advisory committee to submit three names for appointment as an adviser. The committee suggested two names which were not revealed.

Frye, in requesting the commission not to employ an adviser, revealed himself the principal author of New Jersey's two refunding or bond issuing acts around which the commissions' difference of opinion as to method has revolved-Chapters 60 and 77.

"You can finance your indebtedness entire, Frye said, "under Chapter 77, or partly under Chapter 60 and partly under 77. I personally have no preference, as the principal author of both.

Frye Plan Refused

"As to your tax rate, set what you can set and what the taxpayers can stand. Don't you think you could get together and settled this among yourselves? Don't you think that        would be better?"             

Bennett passed off Fry's suggestion thus:

"No, Mr. Frye, I think it can best be settled by use of an adviser. I am anxious to settle it quickly. We have been unable to agree thus far and I am on the uneasy seat for Camden faces a crisis and I want to get it past."

Frye's suggestion carne after all of the bond brokers present, except Middleton, had advised the city to use the stringent budget, making restrictions of Chapter 60.

James W. Burnison, chairman of the citizens' advisory committee, reiterated that group's objections to Chapter 50, saying the same guarantees can be provided for bondholders under 77, without putting the city under such rigid state supervision for so long a period.

Every person present was invited to speak. Most of the freeholders viewed the matter as a city and not a county problem, but promised cooperation.

Burnison, Carl R. Evered, A. Lincoln Michener and James V. Moran form the sub-committee which selected the two names submitted to the commissioners for consideration as fiscal adviser.

The meeting started as a closed session, but after 25 minutes behind closed doors in the mayor's' office, Evered came to the door and admitted reporters.

The reporters, however, were given to understand that the only statements they were to use were those from Burnison, chairman of the committee; James V. Moran, a member, or Evered, and from other speakers only with their permission.

Attending were the five city commissioners, William H. Heiser, chairman of the Board of Freeholders' budget committee; Freeholders James S. Caskey, Maurice Bart, William Myers, and James W. Wood; George D. Rothermel, assistant county solicitor; City Comptroller Sidney P. McCord; Meyer Sakin and John R. Di Mona, assistant city solicitors; Burnison, Evered, Moran, and Michener, of the Citizens' Advisory Committee; E. Howard Broome, deputy director of finance; Middleton, John T. Trimble, counsel for Middleton; three representatives of Hawkins, Delafield & Longfellow, New York including Frye, Henry Russell and Alfred Gregory; Walter Shuman, representing Rollins & Sons, of Philadelphia and New York; C. C. Collings, of the C. C. Collings Company, Philadelphia; Russell McInes, representing Lehman Brothers, New York; J. M. G. Brown and Samuel S. Blackman, representing Analyses, Inc., Philadelphia, and Leon C. Guest and Herbert Glucksman, Camden bond brokers. 


CAMDEN COURIER-POST - FEBRUARY 28, 1936

Rulers Defer Naming City's Finance Adviser During Bitter Session
Hartmann Charges Bennett Agreed to Drop 60 Plan Of Refunding
REVENUE CHIEF MAKES HOT DENIAL

New Applicant for Post as Consultant Interviewed

By W. OLIVER KINCANNON

Camden City Commission failed again yesterday to settle the ques­tion: Who will be Camden's financial adviser?

A meeting called to settle the point yesterday was adjourned until 2 p. m. today over the violent protest of Commissioner Harold W. Bennett, director of revenue and finance.

Among the surprises of the meeting was the statement by Commissioner Frank J. Hartmann, Jr., that Commissioner Harold W. Bennett, director of revenue and finance, and Mayor Frederick von Nieda agreed Tuesday to abandon Chapter 60 as the basis for refunding the city's indebtedness and making the 1936 budget.

Bennett Makes Denial

Bennett denied this vehemently, but Hartmann, after the meeting, said:

I don't care how much he denies it. He and the mayor agreed to yield on that point. Mr. Bennett is not going to get away with telling me one thing in a private conference and saying another for purposes of appealing to the public."

Hartmann's charge attracted unusual attention due to the fact Bennett has held out from the first mention of refunding of Chapter 60 -a rigid and stringent law requiring the city to maintain a cash basis of pay-as-you-go operations, under strict state supervision, for a minimum of 20 years.

Hartmann said Bennett and von Nieda agreed to "go along" on the less stringent provisions of Chapter 77, bolstered by local assurances that would give bondholders virtually the same guarantees they would receive under Chapter 60, but without invoking upon the city the strict and long-term regulation by state authorities.

Another Applicant

Commissioner George E. Brunner asked for yesterday's adjournment on the ground that another man or agency, whom the commissioners had not interviewed, desired to pre­sent a proposal to the commissioners yesterday afternoon.

Bennett objected that noon Tuesday was the deadline set for applications and said they are closed as far as he is concerned. He took the position it would be unethical to consider any more applications for the job, and delivered this ultima­tum:

"I refuse to accept any responsibility for any further delay in making Camden's 1936 budget and refunding plan. Let's settle it now."

Nevertheless, the other four commissioners interviewed the new applicant at 5 p. m. and may consult another today.

The new seeker of the post of official fiscal adviser is George S. Burgess, president of the State Service Bureau, which publishes the Legislative Index for New Jersey and the New Jersey Municipal Reporter, and also supplies a municipal financial information service to hundreds of officials, including, Burgess said, the state auditor, Walter R. Darby.

Burgess is credited with devising and placing in operation the municipal accounting system in Massachusetts and with setting up the system of accounting by which the War Department settled war contracts, and represented the War De­partment in litigation involving numerous problems of accounting,

Opposes Chapter 80

Burgess is revealed as opposed to Chapter 60 for most municipalities. He is quoted in one of his own publications as saying:

"The Barbour bill (Chapter 50, 1934) is an ideal conception for sound municipal financing, but few places can operate under it until their tax collections increase decidedly. The earning power of the people in a large number of municipalities is far short of such a possibility."

He listed as the municipal finance advisory board of his concern the following men:

William H. Albright, New Jersey State Treasurer, as chairman of the board, Senator John C. Barbour (sponsor of Chapter 60), of Passaic county, president of the State Senate, Raymond M. Greer, Comptroller of Jersey City and member of a New York firm of accountants, Arthur N. Pierson, treasurer of Union county, Samuel S. Kenworthy, executive secretary of the New Jersey State League of Municipalities.

Promises Price Today

Burgess did not submit a price on his services but told the commissioners he will submit one by 1  p.m. today or before that time.

He informed the commissioners his firm is serving four municipalities in New Jersey as financial adviser now and said his experience covers many similar services to Massachusetts’ cities.

Burgess also said he understands budget-making and financial practices on a big scale, partly through serving after the World War as con­sulting auditor for the War Department, reporting directly to General Herbert M. Lord, then director of finances for the War Department and subsequently director of the budget for the United States.

It was indicated by the commissioners another man may be interviewed today on an application to be adviser for the city.

The interview with Burgess followed a hectic meeting in which numerous charges were hurled and the commissioners teetered on the brink of revealing confidences that have been kept hidden behind closed portals for the past few days.

Bennett Assailed

Among them was a charge by Hartmann that Bennett has done nothing to carry out the commission's instructions to contact bond­holders and attempt to obtain reductions in interest rates on city bonds.

Bennett denied this angrily and asked:            

"How do  you think I got the interest down? (On tax revenue notes) By sitting back and laughing?"

Bennett argued that the city's budget must be passed by the commission by March 9 and that any further delay past yesterday would jeopardize the city's standing and bring about a state of "chaos."

Bennett also denied he has ever favored employment of a financial adviser, though he told a gathering of commissioners, freeholders, bond dealers and attorneys Monday that he thought the city's differences could best be settled by an adviser.

He declined to follow the suggestion of L. Arnold Frye, of Hawkins, Delafield and Longfellow, counsel for the city on bond matters.

Frye Asks Peace

Frye urged the commissioners to settle their differences and agree upon a plan among themselves.

Hartmann also brought out an intimation that "the city was to be divided up by the bondholders," and this brought another hot denial from Bennett.

Commissioner Mary W. Kobus revealed that in considering applications for fiscal adviser, the commission also has considered having the man with the plan do the actual work of placing the bonds, a function that normally would fall under Bennett's jurisdiction.

Bennett insisted his department is capable of handling the financial affairs of the city and would have them composed by now if it had been allowed a free rein.

Another surprise resulted when Thomas J. Fox, who said he is "a small taxpayer" and lives at 608 Royden Street, urged the commission to hold up all refunding for ten days and promised it could be settled then on a plan he is working out.

Fox said he is retired and told reporters he and two other men are working out a refunding plan for the city that will prevent a tax increase and will enable the city to pay all interest. He added:

"I'm the most important one." The entire debate resulted from a motion to adjourn, made by Brunner. Everything that preceded this motion had been passed unanimously.

Applicants who appeared Tuesday to ask for the city adviser's post were Melbourne F. Middleton, former commissioner; Leon C. Guest, Camden investment securities broker; Thomas R. Lill, New York technical adviser of governmental administration and finance, and J. P. Ramsey, who represented Norman S. Tabor, New York specialist in municipal finances.

Dr. Frank Parker, University of Pennsylvania finance professor and nationally known as an economist, and Thomas Christensen, former Atlantic county accountant, were unable to appear.

Tabor, now doing similar work in Cleveland and Akron, Ohio, would be unable to appear personally before Monday, the commission was advised by Ramsey, but the latter's bid was confirmed by his superior over long-distance telephone.

Lill, who has had a wide, international experience in technical finance work, is now adviser to the Atlantic City bondholders' committee.

The four applicants on Tuesday briefly sketched a review of their past activities in similar work, told of their plans for Camden, and the compensation they would require for the work.

Guest, the first to be heard, described himself as a Camden native who has handled many Camden bonds in the past.

Middleton, who followed, said his plan for Camden was substantially the same as the program he submitted October 2, 1935, when he applied for the position of financial adviser. The city's first director of revenue and finance under commission form of government, Middleton is now engaged in the bond business in Philadelphia.

Ramsey described the Tabor company as the only one of its kind in the United States. It has refinanced more than 100 cities, 40 in New Jersey, and works with 164 bond dealers. Ramsey submitted a long list of bank and insurance company executives as references.

Lill said he began his finance career in 1911. In 1918 he was director of the Mexican Refinancing Commission, representing President Carranza in international negotiations until Carranza's assassination.

After that, Lill served the Republic of Colombia as technical adviser for five years; Chile for two, Yucatan for two, and has worked in cities all over the United States and in Canada. He was chosen by the Atlantic City bond-holders' committee 2½  years ago, still serving as technical adviser for that group, he said. 


Camden Courier-Post - March 18, 1936

WIRTZ ORDERED TO FACE INQUIRY BY MRS. KOBUS
Carr and Koerner Will Be Questioned In Holdup Case
CAUTION IS URGED BY JUSTICE LLOYD

Detective Stanley Wirtz, suspended by Police Chief Arthur Colsey yesterday pending investigation into charges that he supplied the guns and an automobile for a holdup, has been ordered to appear today before Commissioner Mary W. Kobus, director of public safety.

Wirtz, who has been in charge of the city accident bureau, will be asked to "give his side of the story," Commissioner Kobus said.

Later the public safety head will question City Detective Clifford Carr and Police Sergeant Gus Koerner in connection with the capture of an alleged, bandit last Friday night, in an attempted holdup of the Eavenson & Levering Company payroll clerk.

Doran Accuses Wirtz

County Detective Chief Lawrence T. Doran yesterday charged that Wirtz had supplied the guns and automobile to be used in the holdup and then posted Carr and Koerner inside the plant to capture the bandits.

Wirtz, Doran said, admitted the charges in a statement given in the office of Prosecutor Samuel P. Orlando.

No motive for the detective's action were revealed by Doran.

Following the questioning of Wirtz and Sergeant Koerner at the prosecutor's office, both men visited the office of Justice Frank T. Lloyd late yesterday.

Justice Lloyd said later he had conferred with Commissioner Kobus in regard to the case.

"I advised the commissioner," Justice Lloyd said, "to go cautiously with the investigation and gather the facts before taking any action. It is a common thing for officers to lay traps for men who are prone to commit crime, although they have no business to encourage crime. I think it is bad policy to suspend any policeman before the facts of the case have been heard."

The charges against Wirtz came after an investigation was ordered into a statement made by Walter Lewandowski, 24 of 924 Atlantic Avenue, who was captured when he attempted to hold up a clerk at the wool scouring company, Ferry Avenue and Jackson Street. Lewandoski claimed he had “been framed" and named Joseph Powell, a police stoo1 pigeon, as the one who planned the holdup and then informed Wirtz of the plans.

Powell has been a police informer for some time, according to Chief Colsey. The latter said he had taken Powell into custody for questioning and had released him in his own recognizance. Chief Colsey admitted Powell had given police the tip resulting in Lewandowski’s arrest.

When Lewandowski was nabbed, his gun was loaded with blank cartridges. This gun, according to Chief Doran, was given by Wirtz to Powell, who in turn gave it to Lewandowski. Another youth, Leonard Rogalski, 20, of 1219 South Tenth Street, was supposed to take part in the ho1dup, but "got cold feet and ran away” police were told by Lewandoski.

Doran’s statement follows:

"Stanley Wirtz, Camden city detective, supplied the gun and the automobile used in the attempted hold­up of the Eavenson & Levering Company payroll office Friday night. Statements were given us by three suspects all tally.

“Walter Lewandoski worked at the Eavenson & Levering plant, but was laid off there February 28. On March 3 he had money coming to him and he returned to the plant. Joseph Powell accompanied him. Powell talked to Lewandoski then of the payroll, and suggested the holdup. Powell then got in touch with Stanley Wirtz, and told him that Lewandoski was going to stick up the payroll March 4.

"Wirtz on that night loaned Powell a car but someone got cold feet, and the holdup was not attempted. The following week, on March 13, last Friday, Wirtz took a car to Powell’s home and there turned over to him two guns and the automobile. Wirtz then had detectives posted at the scene to arrest the bandits when they made the holdup attempt.

"Powell met Lewandowski and Rogalski and drove them to the plant. There Powell turned over to his two companions the two guns that had been given him by, Wirtz. Rogalski got cold feet and refused to go through with the holdup. Powell then went into the plant with Lewandowski. After Lewandowski went in the door, Powell ran from the building.

“Sergeant Gus Koerner and Detective Clifford Carr, hiding in the office arrested Lewandowski. Powell knew where these officers were hiding.

"Wirtz was outside the building. He did not catch Powell."

Chief Doran said that no one implicates Koerner or Carr in any way in the statements received.

Koerner said:

"I was doing police work. I was brought into this case on a tip that a holdup was going to be staged and I had no knowledge of the guns or the car. I didn't know what it was all about but merely was there to perform my duties as a policeman.

Wirtz is 37 and lives at 1197 Thurman Street. He was one of the first of the new policemen to be appointed to the department in 1924 after Civil Service was put into effect following the adoption of Commission government in 1924. He is a veteran of the World War and got a special rating for that reason when he took the Civil Service examination. In 1931 Wirtz was appointed as an accident investigator in the detective bureau and has served in that capacity ever since. He has a good reputation as a policeman and has never been in trouble before.

About four years ago Wirtz figured in an automobile accident that caused serious injury to one of his legs.

Rogalski was not arrested until County Detectives James Wren and Casimir Wojtkowiak took him in Monday night. The same detectives arrested Powell. Both suspects were charged with attempted holdup and robbery and committed to the county jail.

Lewandowski also is in county jail, committed without bail by police Judge Lewis Liberman Saturday.


Camden Courier-Post - March 19, 1936

WIRTZ TO HEAR FATE IN BANDIT QUIZ TODAY
Colsey Doubts Cop Will Face Charges; Case to Go to Grand Jury

Decision on any action to be taken against Stanley Wirtz, suspended Camden detective charged with having furnished the guns and automobile for a holdup, will be made today by Commissioner Mary W. Kobus and Police Chief Arthur Colsey.

Wirtz, with Sergeant Gus Koerner and Detective Clifford Carr, was questioned yesterday, and decision was reserved.

Prosecutor Samuel P. Orlando, however, said he would place the case before the grand jury.

The charge involved the attempted holdup of the Eavenson & Levering Company payroll, in which one of the alleged bandits was captured at the scene last Friday night.

"No charges have been preferred against Wirtz,” Mrs. Kobus announced after the investigation.

"And I don't believe any charges will be made," Colsey commented, adding:

"Commissioner Kobus and I are going over the reports and statements of all concerned at 10:00 AM tomorrow and a decision will be made then.”

Suspended Tuesday

Wirtz was suspended Tuesday after County Detective Chief Lawrence T. Doran announced Wirtz had admitted supplying the pistols and car, allegedly used in the abortive attempt to obtain a $800 payroll at the wool-scouring plant. 

Wirtz was still under suspension last night, Colsey announced. 

William B. Macdonald, court stenographer, recorded the statements made by each man,

Koerner and Carr were "planted" in the office of the company before the holdup and frustrated the attempted crime, capturing Walter Lewandowski, 24, of 924 Atlantic Avenue.

"All three made full statements to us;" Colsey said and then declined to reveal what the statements contained.

Denies Stories Clash

Asked if there was any conflict between the statements made to Doran and those made to Mrs. Kobus and him, Colsey said:

''No, I wouldn't say so."

Wirtz appeared briefly before the commissioner and chief at the start of their probe, which was conducted in Mrs. Kobus' office. He left the room after about two minutes and told reporters, sitting outside:

"I refused to make a statement. I  made one yesterday and that is enough."

Mrs. Kobus, however, said Wirtz did not refuse to make a statement but, instead, asked for a little time to consider his statement.

"He said he had been In court all day and was nervous,” Mrs. Kobus said.

No Charges Made

Asked for a statement at the conclusion of the investigation, Mrs. Kobus said:

"No charges have been preferred against Wirtz. This was not a hearing on any charge. This was an investigation of reports which I read in the newspapers. It is the duty of the police officials to investigate any such report, and Wirtz and the other two detectives who figured in the case were called in to make statements. 'This was not, a trial and I do not care to make a statement now about what went on."

The suspension of Wirtz came after an investigation was ordered into a statement made by Lewandowski.

Lewandowski charged that he had been "framed" by Joseph Powell, a police stool pigeon. He named Powell as the one who "planned the holdup and, said Powell then informed Wirtz of the plans.

Rearrest Made

Doran said Wirtz, admitted dealing with Powell and giving Powell two pistols and an automobile for use in the holdup. As a result Powell, who had been arrested and released by city police, was rearrested by the county detectives.

In addition, Leonard “Rags” Rogalski, 20, of 1219 South 10th Street, was arrested by the county detectives. They said Lewandowski told them Rogalski originally was intended to take part in the holdup but got "cold feet", and backed out at the last moment.

Powell, Lewandowski and Rogalski are held in the county jail.

When informed last night of the statements made by Mrs. Kobus and Colsey, Prosecutor Orlando said:

"I have nothing to do with the discipline of the police department. I will present the full facts of this holdup to the grand jury and, that body may take any action it desires."

Jury to Get Case

Asked if he would request an indictment against Wirtz, Orlando said:

"I will give the grand jury the full facts. The members will decide for themselves what action to follow."

Doran was in conference briefly with Mrs. Kobus and Colsey before the three detectives were questioned. He said he gave them statements made by Lewandowski, Powell and Rogalski, and also by Wirtz.

Later Doran returned to Mrs. Kobus' office with a copy of charge of carrying concealed deadly weap­ons, preferred in 1930 against Lewandowski in 1930, when Lewandowski was 18.

This charge was no-billed, Doran said.

"He was listed as a mental case," Doran said, "and was examined by the county physician and pronounced O.K." .


CAMDEN COURIER-POST - OCTOBER 3, 1936

City Commissioner Mary W. Kobus, recovering at her home from an accidental fall in July, is shown signing the Fire Prevention Week proclamation of the Camden County Fire Chiefs Association, with Battalion Chief Charles H. Errickson, of the city fire department looking on. The above is the first newspaper picture of Mrs. Kobus since the accident.

...continued...
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Camden Courier-Post * October 28, 1936
...continued...
...continued...
Henry Lodge - David Baird Jr.
Charles A. Wolverton
Frank B. Hanna - Mary Kobus

CAMDEN COURIER-POST - JANUARY 8, 1938
Mary Kobus - Arthur Colsey - Ralph Bakley - Herbert Bott - Louis Shaw
John Skolski - George Frost - Walter Welch - Nathan Pettit - Frank Evans
Gus Koerner - Edward Hahn - Harry Newton

CAMDEN COURIER-POST - JANUARY 12, 1938
KOBUS ORDERS CITY DRIVE ON NUMBERS RING
ISSUES DECREE FOR POLICE TO TIGHTEN UP ON GAMING RACKET
FBI Agents Join Probe Here of $50,000 Bank
PHILA. LEADERS HELD LOTTERY CZARS HERE
...continued...

...continued...

CAMDEN COURIER-POST - JANUARY 21, 1938
...continued...
Click on Image to Enlarge

CAMDEN COURIER-POST - JANUARY 21, 1938
 
...continued...
Click on Image to Enlarge

Camden Courier-Post * February 1, 1938

Made Detective

WILLIAM MARTER

Camden patrolman who has been shifted from the office of Commissioner Mary Kobus to the Detective Bureau, Police Chief Arthur Colsey announced last night. Marter will become an acting detective.

 


Camden Courier-Post - February 1, 1938

BOARD OF EDUCATION SHIFTS 14 TEACHERS
Appoints 2 Instructors and Pensions 2 Others; Wilson Enrollment High

The Camden Board Education last night approved transfers of 14 teachers, the appointment of two new instructors and the retirement on pension of two others.

The board then adjourned until 11.45 a. m. today and it was announced the 1938-39 board will be organized at noon when Commissioner Mary W. Kobus is expected to be re-elected president.

When the report of the teachers committee making recommendations for appointments, transfers and retirements was read it was approved by unanimous vote and without comment.

Following the meeting Carlton W. Rowand explained that most of the transfers were made to meet emergencies in teaching classes at Woodrow Wilson High School, where more than 1500 students will be enrolled for the second semester, be ginning today.

Rowand explained that enrollment at the Wilson school is the highest in its history, due to many students taking up English and commercial courses instead of entering Camden senior high school, which will have an enrollment of approximately 1540 students, the smallest in several years.

List of Transfers

Transfers affecting teachers in junior high schools are: Louis E. Feinstein from Hatch Junior High School to commercial business organization, Wilson High School; Frank E. Sias, from Cramer Junior High to physical education, Wilson High; Jessie W. McMurtrie from Cramer Junior High School, to physical education, Wilson High; Wilton D. Greenway, from Cramer Junior High School to mathematics, Camden High; Elizabeth Dickinson, from Bonsall; to English, Cramer Junior High; Mrs. Mildred C. Simmons, from English to mathematics, Cramer Junior High; Miss Celia Boudov, from Hatch Junior High to departmental geography, science, and penmanship, Liberty School; Mrs. Elizabeth R. Myers assigned to English, Hatch Junior High;

Thelma L. Little transferred from, Grade 5 to Cooperative Departmental; Dudley school.

The following elementary school transfers, also effective today, are:

Beatrice W. Beideman from Starr to Sharp school; Mrs. Esther S. Finberg from Cramer to Broadway school; Dorothy M. Lippincott from Parkside to Dudley school; Mrs. Alva T. Corson from Washington to Broadway school, and Mary G. Cathell from Washington to Dudley school.

Teachers whose retirement was approved are Carolina W. Taylor, Grade 2, Broadway school, and William M. Thayer, mathematics [Camden] senior high school. Both teachers had resigned and applied for their pensions, the report read.

Appointments Made

Nathan Enten was appointed as physical education teacher in the Cramer school and Harry S. Manashil was appointed commercial teacher in Hatch school. Each will receive $1400, annually. The board also approved the appointment of Florence M. Dickinson as principal of Lincoln school at a salary of $2200 annually.

The assignment of Miss Grace Hankins as principal of Parkside school to succeed Miss Dickinson also was approved. Ethel Thegen was approved for appointment as assistant librarian at the Camden senior high school at a salary of $5.50 a day. All appointments are effective today.

To relieve overcrowded conditions among pupils the board approved the transfer of 7A and 7B classes from the Washington to the Cramer school.

The board vote to open a library in the Cramer school and Raymond G. Price, supervisor of building was instructed to provide, the necessary equipment.

A resolution of condolence upon the death of Ethel C. Wenderoth, for 19 years a teacher in the Broadway School was passed and secretary Albert Austermuhl was instructed to send a copy to members of the deceased teacher's family.

2 New Faces on Board

The board received and filed a letter from Mayor George E. Brunner in which he stated he had appointed Mrs. George W. Tash, Samuel T. French Jr. as new members and had re-appointed Robert Burk Johnson as a board member.

William B. Sullender, of the Tenth Ward, who was not re-appointed, was commended by the members for his services. E. George Aaron said he regretted the fact that Sullender was leaving as a member and wished him success. Others joined in this tribute.

Sullender in reply thanked the members for their co-operation during his term of office.


Camden Courier-Post - February 1, 1938

Banquet Chairman

AUXILIARY OF V.F.W. SCHEDULES BANQUET
Matthews-Purnell Post Group to Observe 16th Anniversary Tonight

The Ladies Auxiliary of the Corporal Mathews-Purnell Post No. 518, Veterans of Foreign Wars, will observe its sixteenth anniversary tonight at 8.30 o'clock with a banquet in O'Donnell's Restaurant and Cafe, Thirty-ninth and Federa1 Streets. More than 100 persons will attend.

The auxiliary, which has head quarters at 2712 Hayes Avenue is named in honor of two World War veterans, both soldiers from the Cramer Hill section, who were killed in the war. They were Charles Mathews Jr. and Oliver Purnell Jr., and their parents will be present as guest of honor. Another Gold Star mother, Mrs. Gaston Atger, also will attend. Both Mathews and Purnell served in France in the 29th division under Lieutenant Colonel George Selby.

Mrs. Theresa Mungioli, past president of the group, is chairman of the committee on arrangements. Other members of the committee are Mrs. Minnie Martin, Mrs. Anna Jackson, Mrs. Betty Donlon and Mrs. Helen J. Cholister.

John Mullan, past department commander will be toastmaster. Mrs. Mildred Reed is president of the auxiliary.

MRS.
THERESA MUNGIOLI

Other guests listed are: Mrs. Carrie R. Bean, senior department vice, president; Mrs. Frances Fulton, of Hoboken, national council member of the second district, Mrs. Dorothy Indoe, of Paterson, state president of the auxiliary; City Commissioner Mary W. Kobus, Raymond G. "Rube" Price, past commander of the post and Freeholder of the Eleventh ward; Mrs. Maud Ryan, of Atlantic City, past state president; Charles Franks, present county commander of the V.F.W.; Thomas Fields, department commander; Charles Hewitt, commander of Corporal Mathews-Purnell Post; Mrs. Florence E. Stark, past national president and chairman of national rehabilitation; Mrs. Simona Anderson, past county president; J. "Chuck" Connors, councilman of the Seventh district; and Mrs. Joseph Snyder, who will sing the "Star Spangled Banner.

Under the direction of Mrs. Bean, the auxiliary has organized a junior unit of the daughters of the V.F.W., which now has a membership of 5958. Miss Doris Price is president of the group.


Camden Courier-Post - February 2, 1938

TURNBULL OUT OF P.U.C POST
SECOND TIME IN YEAR’S SERVICE
Coalition Freeholder Told Inspector Job Will End on February 15
REFUSES TO PUT BLAME FOR OUSTER ON BAIRD

By DAN McCONNELL

Freeholder James L. Turnbull, Republican member of the coalition group in the Camden County Board of Freeholders, for the second time in a year has lost a position with the State Board of Public Utility Commissioners. Turnbull, who represents the borough of Collingswood, admitted yesterday his job of assisting in a survey of South Jersey railroad crossings will terminate February 15. The letter so advising him was written by Emmett T. Drew, secretary of the commission, and was sent to Turnbull's home in Collingswood.

Commissioner Mary W. Kobus was angered when she heard' Turnbull was dismissed and said she was going to take the matter up with Governor Moore.

"I'm going to get right on the job with Governor Moore 

JAMES L. TURNBULL

tomorrow," she said last night, "and I'm going to have some things to tell him. I'm going to fight for Jim Turnbull all the way up."

"That's right,'" asserted Freeholder Raymond G. Price, of the Eleventh Ward, one of the coalition members. "You can tell them, too, that it's funny that Turnbull was the only one of the employees who was fired, the others didn't get a notice, for Turnbull told me that himself.

"You better tell them, too, that they need us a whole lot more than we need them." .

Which remark Price refused to amplify.

After Turnbull spurned a personal plea and the entreaties of others politically affiliated with former U. S. Senator David Baird, Jr., not to join the Kobus-Brunner coalition coup which wrested I control of the Board of Freeholders from the Baird organization, it was freely predicted Baird "would get Turnbull's job."

However, Turnbull denied Baird influenced his removal from the state job.

"I know that everybody is saying that Dave Baird knifed me because I refused to go along," Turnbull said. "I don't believe Dave Baird had anything to do with my losing the job. Furthermore, Baird on New Year's Day in the Court House told me I would not lose the job.

. "On New Year's Day Baird came to me and asked me if I intended to join the coalition group. I told him I had pledged my vote for a coalition movement because I thought by doing so I would be doing my duty by the citizens of Camden County.

"I said to Baird that I knew by doing this I would lose my job with the utility commission. He told me that he wouldn't stoop so low as to try to take my job or anyone's job because of political differences. Baird told me that and I want to emphatically say that I believed him then and I still do."

Turnbull said he was employed with four Atlantic county men, recommended by Harry A. Bacharach, president of the utility commission, to make a survey of South Jersey railroad crossings.

Asked Leave of Absence

Further he said he asked Earl Caldwell; field supervisor for the utility commission for a two weeks' leave of absence, beginning February 15.

"I heard nothing from my re quest," added Turnbull. "The letter written by Mr. Drew gave me quite an extended leave of absence. How ever, I believe that it is possible I may be re-employed. Certainly there doesn't appear to be any political significance or bias in the letter."

The letter to Turnbull reads:

"I am directed by the board to inform you that owing to the fact that the particular work for which you were engaged is finished and no other work of a temporary nature is available, your services will be no longer required beginning February 15, 1938.

"The board regrets the necessity of this action, as the experience gained with our commission has made you of value to us.

Later Job Hinted

"Your name, however, will be kept upon our list, and if an opportunity arises to afford you once more temporary employment, in the event you have not secured permanent employment, public or private, your name will be given preference automatically.

"In view of this may we suggest that you look over the examinations being held by the Civil Service Commission with a view to taking those for which you feel yourself qualified.

"The board may then be in a position to offer you permanent employment in some line in which you are especially qualified."

E.T. DREW
Secretary

Turnbull said Baird had nothing to do with his berth with the utility commission, but that former Governor Harold Hoffman recommended his appointment to Bacharach.

Earlier last year the Collingswood freeholder held a job as a highway inspector for about two months and finally was dropped.

'No Political Job Certain'

"I know how I lost that first utility commission job," Turnbull said, "The Courier-Post newspapers raised the devil in its news columns about so many inspectors being appointed.

"I am not blaming Dave Baird for this and as a matter of fact the whole thing came like a bombshell. Not hearing anything since the first of the year, and remembering Baird's promise, I thought I was sitting pretty securely.

"They can blame Baird for a lot of things but this time I don't believe he is to blame. No political job is certain in these days."

As a member of the Board of Freeholders, and for his action in joining the coalition forces, Turnbull was given the job as chairman of the road committee. He receives $600 in addition to his freeholder's salary of $750. Use of an automobile also goes with the road Committee chairmanship.


Camden Courier-Post - February 2, 1938

V. F. W. Post Auxiliary Stages Party for 16th Anniversary
Parents of Three World War Heroes Honored by Women of Mathews-Purnell Unit;
Mrs. Kobus Lauds Civic Work of Organization

Sixteen years ago the Ladies Auxiliary of the Mathews-Purnell Post, Veterans of Foreign Wars, was instituted. Last night the "coming out party," as the occasion was described by Mrs. Mary W. Kobus, Director of Public Safety, was celebrated by the women and the soldiery of the post.

The affair had a dual importance, as it was not only the birthday of the auxiliary, with guests from the various parts of the State in attendance, but three gold star mothers were guests of honor.

Two of those, gray-haired, solemn and maternal, were mothers of the heroes who died in France and for whom the post was named. With these gold star mothers were the fathers of these same lads.

The parents are Mr. and Mrs. Charles Mathews and Mr. and Mrs. Oliver Purnell, while the fifth member of the group, the third mother who gave up her son, is Mrs. Louise Atger.

Parents Receive Honors

As the names of these parents were called the entire gathering arose and stood in silent tribute.

The event was at O'Donnell's restaurant, Thirty-ninth and Federal streets, and John Mullin, of Atlantic City, past department commander, was toastmaster.

Mullin cited the affair as "the 16th wedding anniversary" of the auxiliary, as the speaker declared the auxiliary had married the post on that day 16 years ago.

Mrs. Kobus  was the first speaker.

She is an honorary member of the auxiliary.

"This night marks your entrance into society" said the commissioner, facetiously, "for whenever a girl gets to be 16 she puts on a new dress, comes out and starts to step out. I hope 'that you will always work with the post as harmoniously in the future, as you have done in the past.

"On behalf of the City of Camden I want to congratulate the auxiliary and also to welcome the distinguished guests who are visitors tonight from other parts of our state."

Mrs. Mildred Reed, president of the auxiliary, extended the welcome of the organization and congratulated the committee headed by Mrs. Theresa Mungioli, past president, for the manner in which they had functioned to make the dinner such a success.

Commander Lauds Women

Associated with Mrs. Mungioli on the committee were Mrs. Minnie Martin, Mrs. Anna Jackson, Mrs. Betty Donlon and Mrs. Helen J. Cholister.

Charles Hewitt, commander of the Mathews-Purnell Post, extolled the women for their aid to the men, remarks which were emphasized by Freeholder Raymond G. Price, of the Eleventh ward, also a past commander of the post.

"It is only fair to say," declared Price, "that it has been the women who have kept our post together. There have been times when we were ready to disband, throw up the sponge, but always the women stepped into the breach then, and carried us through the stress, emergency and trouble and kept the post alive."

Mrs. Florence Stark, past national president, who instituted the auxiliary 16 years ago, marveled, she said, at the manner in which the growth and influence of the auxiliary had so far expanded and extended.

Mrs. Stark also told of the meeting of the national defense committee which she had attended in Washington, and informed the members that Congressman Wolverton had delegated Mrs. Stark to present his regrets that official business detained Wolverton at the national capital.

County Organization Praised

Frances Fullam, introduced as a "Hudson County Democrat" recited the experiences she had known as she went on tour of the state with the commander-in-chief of the Veterans of Foreign Wars recently.

"I want to say," asserted the, speaker, "that the turnout in Camden county was the best in the staff and that the county has every reason to feel proud of the strength and influence which it exerts in the ladies auxiliary in New Jersey."

Mrs. Hazel Hines, Camden county president of the auxiliary, extended her congratulations as did County Commander Charles Franks and others, including Mrs. Maud Ryan, of Atlantic City, Mrs. Catherine Corbett of Pennsauken, and Mrs. Carrie Bean, senior vice president of the Department of New Jersey.

Mrs. Mungioli was then called upon to congratulate her fellow workers for their unstinted help in making the affair the signal success which every speaker emphasized.

Mrs. Joseph Snyder led the gathering in singing "The Star Spangled Banner". 


Camden Courier-Post - February 2, 1938

Pool Hall Owners' Told Gaming Will Cost Permits
Mrs. Kobus Warns Against Permitting Any Gambling on Premises;
Cites Cards Played in Back Rooms

Operators of pool and billiard-halls were warned yesterday by Commissioner Mary W. Kobus, director of public safety, that permanent revocation of licenses will be the penalty if gambling is permitted on the premises.

Commissioner Kobus said she has been investigating reports that some poolroom licensees have been operating card games for large and small stakes in backrooms of their places.

The investigation, the commissioner said, failed to disclose any large gambling enterprises but a few friendly card games for small stakes were revealed.

"1 will issue an order to Chief Arthur Colsey and all district lieutenants and sergeants that a closer watch be kept on these so-called poolrooms," Mrs. Kobus said.

"In days past the average neighborhood room was only a blind for professional card games where the participants played for large stakes.

"Such licensed poolroom operators are amenable to the law, and if they are caught they will be charged as principals and their licenses will be permanently revoked. I will not accept the excuse of any proprietor that he doesn't know there is gambling in his place."

'Majority Law-Abiding'

The Commissioner said she believes the majority of persons holding pool room licenses are law-abiding and that pool and billiards are played for recreation.

It was disclosed by Mrs. Kobus that a former operator of a down town poolroom, whose place was raided as a gambling resort, has been exerting political pressure to obtain a renewal of his license. Mrs. Kobus would not disclose the identity of the man mentioned by her.

"Any Camden citizen who wants a license to operate a poolroom where pool and billiards are to be played does not need to get the help of a politician or a lawyer," Mrs. Kobus added. "I am not running the department of public safety to satisfy the whims of any politicians or lawyers.

No Lawyer Needed

"Any respectable citizen can have a license. He doesn't have to pay a lawyer to help him get it, and neither does he have to depend on any politician.

"The applicant who attempts to support his application either with a lawyer or a politician will find him self behind the eight ball."

Commissioner Kobus said each applicant for such a license will be examined as to his fitness to operate such a place. Those who have any criminal record will be denied such permit, she said.

"It might be a good thing if certain forms of gambling were legalized and revenue obtained for municipalities, the State or by the government," Mrs. Kobus stated. "But so long as the law specifically states that gambling is Illegal I intend to enforce the laws. I personally am opposed to all forms of organized or commercialized gambling.


Camden Courier-Post - February 2, 1938

SCHOOL BOARD AGAINS NAMES MRS. KOBUS
First 1938-39 Session Votes Unanimously for Her to Remain President

City Commissioner Mary W. Kobus yesterday -was .unanimously re-elected president of the Camden Board of Education at the 1938-39 board's organization meeting. The board also unanimously named George I. Shaw as vice president in one of the' most harmonious sessions in years.

Two new members, Mrs. George W. Tash and Samuel T. French Jr., took their seats, succeeding Samuel E. Fulton and William B. Sullender.

Mrs. Kobus called the old board to order at 12:10 p. m. Present were Mrs. Alice K. Predmore, Robert Burk Johnson, Carlton W. Rowand and Shaw. The 1937-38 board immediately adjourned sine die .

Called 'Outstanding Woman'

E. George Aaron, an old member, arrived a few minutes later and the meeting of the new board was called by Albert Austermuhl, secretary, as president pro tem. Dr. Henry Wisniewski, a holdover member, was not present.

After Mrs. Tash and French took their seats, Mrs. Predmore moved for re-election of Mrs. Kobus for president as "the most outstanding woman in Camden, who has served the board well and faithfully." Mrs. Tash seconded the motion and Aaron moved the nominations be closed.

Mrs. Kobus, expressing her pleasure to serve again as president, said she was happy to greet the new members and paid tribute to Fulton and, Sullender for their service on the board

Rowand nominated Shaw, and Aaron seconded the nomination.

Mrs. Kobus appointed Mrs. Predmore and Aaron to the Board of School Estimate .

New Committees Named

The following committees were appointed:

Property- Shaw, chairman; Rowand, Wisniewski and Mrs. Tash.

Teachers- Rowand, chairman; Mrs. Predmore, Shaw, Aaron and Johnson.

Finance- Wisniewski, chairman; Aaron, Mrs. Tash and French.

Research- Mrs. Predmore, chairman; French, Johnson and Wisniewski.

Special Insurance- Shaw, chairman; Rowand, Mrs. Predmore and French.

Supplies- Johnson, chairman; Rowand, Mrs. Tash, Aaron and Mrs. Predmore .

Athletics- Wisniewski, chairman; Johnson, French and Rowand.

On motion of Aaron a resolution continuing, the athletic program was amended to require that all pupils participating first receive medical examination from the school physician.


Camden Courier-Post - February 3, 1938

KOBUS MADE LEADER BY l2TH WARD G.O.P.
Club's Move Will Settle City and County Priority, Colsey Asserts

Recognition of City Commissioner Mary W. Kobus as the Republican leader of Camden city and county was urged by members of the Twelfth Ward Republican Club.

A motion calling for the action was introduced by Police Chief Arthur Colsey, former president of the club, and was approved unanimously by the 30 members present. It was seconded by City Clerk Clay W. Reesman.

The club, according to President Benjamin Hardy, has a membership of more than 180.

While there was no discussion of the motion, it was offered, Colsey said "to clarify an irritable situation." .

”For months” he said, "our county committee members, Martin Segal and Miss Dorothy MacIlvain, have been trying to figure out just, who is the leader of the Republican party in the city and county.

"Neither knew just whom to see about patronage distribution or any thing else, as far as that goes. It got where something had to be done.

"Mrs. Kobus is popular with Twelfth Ward Republicans and others living. there, and she exercises much strength in Republican affairs, local and state ..

"'Members of the club, after considerable deliberation and discussions, decided we should recognize her as city and county leader. Accordingly I offered the motion to that effect last night.':·

Asked if other Republican clubs of the city and county would be called upon by his club to take similar action, Colsey said he could not answer.

"We have put our selves on record for Mrs. Kobus as the city and county leader," he said. "What the other clubs do is their business."


Camden Courier-Post - February 3, 1938

KOBUS LEADERSHIP WINS NEW SUPPORT
Westfield Avenue G. O. P. Club Authorizes Recognition by Ward Representatives

Authorization to the two Republican county committee members of the Eleventh ward to recognize Commissioner Mary W. Kobus as the leader of the Republican party in the city and county, and endorsement of former Senator Albert S. Woodruff for the vacancy on the Delaware River Joint Commission, were voted last night by the Westfield Avenue Republican Club.

Action of the Westfield Avenue club, follows, similar action by the Twelfth Ward Republican Club.

The resolution directing the county committeeman and woman, Charles Goeltz and Mrs. Catherine H. Harper to support Mrs. Kobus in the county committee follows:

"Whereas the Republican party in Camden city and county is in need of definite progressive leadership, and whereas Charles M. Goeltz and Catherine H. Harper have been ignored in the organization of the city and county committee, be it resolved that the Westfield Avenue Republican Club endorse the outstanding leadership abilities of Commissioner Mary W. Kobus, and here by authorize Mr. Goeltz and Mrs. Harper to recognize and follow Mary W. Kobus as leader of the Republican party in the city and county."

The resolution was adopted on motion of Earl Bonner and seconded by James Taylor.

The· motion to endorse Woodruff, who has been offered as a candidate for a vacancy on the bridge commission, which former U. S. Senator David Baird Jr. also is seeking after filling the place on an ad interim appointment by former Governor Hoffman was passed unanimously. The motion was by John Harper and seconded by William Kile.

Camden county's legislative delegation is to be notified of the Woodruff endorsement.


Camden Courier-Post - February 4, 1938

KEOWN MAY QUIT SOLICITOR POST CLEARING PATH FOR DEMOCRAT
Coalition Majority Reported Agreed on Successor as County Legal Aide
CAUCUS ACTS TO CUT $77,000 FROM BUDGET

By W. OLIVER KINCANNON

Walter S. Keown, of Haddon Township, is ready to resign as county counsel to make way for a Democratic successor:

That was announced at a Democratic freeholders caucus last night by Edward V. Martino, an assistant city solicitor and a lieutenant of City Commissioner Mary W. Kobus, after a caucus of Democratic freeholders at the home of Judge Joseph Varbalow, 2636 Baird Avenue.

Martino asserted also that the Democratic successor would be named at next Wednesday's meeting of the freeholder board.

Vincent L. Gallaher, chairman of the Democratic county committee, as been mentioned for the post.

A group of Democratic freeholders were at the meeting, which was at tended also by Martino and Isadore H. Hermann, another Kobus lieutenant who is a member of the city legal staff.

Mrs. Kobus and Mayor George E. Brunner appeared at the Varbalow home after the meeting had been adjourned.

Budget Cut Acceptable

Freeholder Maurice Bart, of Oaklyn, majority leader of the Board of Freeholders, said the caucus was ready to cut the county budget by $77,000 to bring the 1938 county tax rate down to the 1937 1evel of 80 cents from its present level of 83.5 cents.

"That's against my wishes and advice," Bart said, but seems to be in line with the desires of Dr. W. Carlton Harris, who has just been named as county fiscal adviser.

Bart said the Democratic freeholders agreed to lop $8000 off the county farms' appropriation to eliminate the chicken farm. He said the 1936 records showed eggs were produced for county institutions at $1.65 a dozen when they could have been bought for 35 cents a dozen.

He announced the freeholders practically agreed to refuse to add an insulin therapy department to the mental hospital and said this would cut the budget about $15,000.

"The rest of the cuts will be effect ed by slashes all along the line of departmental appropriations," Bart announced.

Hits Remington Fee Cost

Bart said the Democratic freeholders revolted against payment of a bill of $2207.86 submitted by J. C. Remington, consulting engineer for the county park commission, and his partner, for consulting fees in connection with the recent improvement at the county sewage disposal plant at Lakeland.

"We have paid that firm - Remington and Gaff - $4440.80 already and this new bill came to my attention only today," Bart said.

“The caucus also entertained a request by Prosecutor Samuel P. Orlando that the three process servers transferred from the prosecutor's office to the sheriff's office during the term of Judge Clifford A. Baldwin as prosecutor be returned to the prosecutor's office to effect efficiency, Bart said.


Camden Courier-Post - February 4, 1938

City Police Praised at Fete
Honoring Acting Lieutenant Bott

Camden police and firemen gathered last night to pay honor to Acting Lieutenant Herbert Bott, retiring president of the Policemen and Firemen's Association, heard their highest superiors make these statements:

Commissioner Mary W. Kobus, director of Public Safety, declared she had heard stories about the policemen "taking" but that she wanted to say "that the entire force was honest and she was proud to say that it was as good, as honest and efficient as any in. the United States."

Mayor George E. Brunner asserted "the city had gone to ____ before the three New Deal commissioners took charge, and they had brought order out of chaos, collected taxes so thoroughly that on January 1, 1939, the policemen and firemen will be given back the last five percent reduction that had been made in their pay."

Bott, who has been at the head of the association for the past five years, retires because, as he stated, he felt he could not give such service as he felt he had rendered in the past. The affair was held at Kenney's and the ranking officials of the police and fire departments were on hand, together with guests from other parts of the state.

   LIEUT. HERBERT BOTT who quit as president of the Camden Policemen and Firemen's Association after five years' service, and who was feted at Kenney's last night and presented with cash donations.

Wallace Lauds Men

Bruce A. Wallace was toastmaster, and he emphasized the remarks of Commissioner Kobus as to "the honesty of the men."

"When you got that 30 percent reduction in pay,” said Wallace, "I know how you came to my office, worrying about how you would meet your building and loans, how you would pay various debts that you owed, and I know that some of you even gave up your homes, because you couldn't afford to pay for them longer. That would never have happened if you were doing any 'put and-take stuff'."

Mrs. Kobus started with a tribute to Bott, for his own efficiency as a policeman and his fighting qualities as shown in the battles he made for his brother policemen.

 “I knew Herb Bott," she said, "before I got into the department but once in there my sweet dream changed to a nightmare, because every day Bott was there with a delegation wanting something done for the policemen, or asking that something be not done to them.

"We have gone through stormy times together, through strikes and labor troubles and of course I have always found out, through others, naturally that 'the police are always wrong.' I have told the employers where they were wrong, and told the strikers that the police could not have abused them or wronged them because they belonged to an association of their own, fighting for the things that the policemen and the firemen felt that they wanted.

Citizens Gave Praise 

"I hadn't been four weeks in the department before I thought every­body in Camden was affected by 'letter writingitis.' But after four weeks the other kind of letters began to come in, and the police were being given the credit which they had deserved and which they had won for themselves.

"And the longer I am in the department the prouder I am of the police and the fire departments of the city of Camden. I am proud of every policeman and of every fireman in both departments. I have been out at·1.30 a. m. and heard a call come for the car in which I was riding, and in one minute and a half that car was at the scene, in two minutes there was another and in four minutes a half a dozen cars had appeared on the scene.

"I want to say for the men of the police department that nowhere in the United States is there a more honest or more faithful group of men.

"I hear a lot of talk about policemen, I hear lots of talk of how they are 'taking,' but I also want to say that I haven't found one yet who wasn't honest and to prove it crime today in Camden is at its lowest ebb.

"Crime today in Camden has been lowered 40 to 60 percent, and I say to anybody who wants to know that you couldn't have had this condition unless Camden was guarded by an honest, efficient police department.

"That crime in Camden is at its lowest ebb is due entirely to the vigilance of the police department, and to its loyalty to duty. I want to pay tribute to Chief Colsey, to Babe Clayton, to Herb Bott and the other officers of the department for having the police department where it can be proudly acclaimed as without a superior in the whole United States."

Mayor Brunner, after paying his tribute to a personal friend, Herb Bott, declared "Mrs. Kobus is your superior but I'm the man who has to find the money to pay you. And that hasn't been any easy job, I can tell you, as the tax collector's job in any community is a tough one."

"I want to say that things in Camden have gone to ___ in the past, and until the three New Deal Commissioners took charge of affairs, things continued in just that manner. And that we have given an honest, efficient administration is the thought of the average citizen of Camden today.

Promises Pay Restoration

"When we first came into power the people thought they had to pay no taxes. I say now that we have collected the taxes as they should have been collected in the past and as they will be collected in the future.

"Camden doesn't need any new taxes. We have been successful in collecting the taxes because we made those who could pay to pay. The men we put in front, for the first collection of taxes, were the politicians who thought they stood in a favored group and could get away with it.

"I want to assure you policemen that on January 1, 1939, I feel sure that we'll be able to give you back the last five percent that we had to take from you, when things were left in such a shape for us that we could not do anything else.

"People are responding to our tax collections, and the people feel that we are giving them 100 cents for a dollar and that's the reason.

"We have no favorites on the tax rolls. We saw to it that the politicians headed the list of those who were the first to pay, and we've given the little fellow a chance. We've let him pay by the week, or the month or anyway that would suit him best, because we believe that the little fellow is entitled to his own homestead, and we're going to see that he keeps it, but those who can afford to pay and wont are going to be made to pay."

Carlton W. Rowand related that his father, a former police official, had recently, told his son that "the police department today was the best in the history of Camden,"

Surrogate Frank B. Hanna also added his tribute to the department and to the guest of honor.

"The spirit of the police department”, Hanna said, "is shown to no better advantage than in the manner your association aids the underprivileged children of this city. I know, too, that whenever a committee is formed for a job to be done for the men in the department, Herb Bott jumps into action and does his level best for his associates.”

N. J. Crime Bill 10 Millions

Harry B. Gourley, of Paterson, president of the State Police Beneficial Association, declared that crime was costing the state of New Jersey $10,000,000 every year, and that the crime bill of the nation was more than $15,000,000,000.

He asked co-operation in crime prevention and declared that "any attempt to break down the morale of the police was wrong, and the way in which it was easiest broken down was when you dip into the pay check."

He cited numerous instances of the heroism of the policemen, and asked that every citizen stand squarely behind the men in the matter of pensions.

Commissioner Harold W. Bennett also lauded the guest and the police department, as did Harry Wilkers, who succeeds Bott as president of the association and Robert Winset­tler, who becomes delegate to the state convention to replace Bott.

Mrs. Emma Shriver, retiring president of the Ladies Auxiliary, presented Bott with a check, while Wallace gave him the gift of his associates, 50 silver dollars. Mrs. Bott was remembered with flowers.

Willard Schriver was chairman of the committee having the dinner in charge, and associated with him were Charles Cook, Arthur Batten, Maurice F. O'Brien, William Marter, Edward Leonard, Mrs. Schriver, Mrs. Anna Gleason and Mrs. William McGrath.


Camden Courier-Post - February 5, 1938

MAYOR AND MRS. KOBUS OPEN BAZAAR TOMORROW

Mayor Brunner and Commissioner Kobus will open the bazaar to be held by the ladies auxiliary of Sons of Israel Synagogue tomorrow, Monday and Tuesday.

The bazaar will be staged at the Talmud Torah, with a supper starting the festivities at 6 p. m. tomorrow.

On Monday night, Commissioner Bennett and E. Howard Broome, will be present, it was announced.


Camden Courier-Post - February 8, 1938

G.O.P. FREEHOLDERS SEEK CUT IN BUDGET
Minority Group Confers on Slashes; Plan Action at Session Tomorrow

The Republican minority members of the Camden County Board of Freeholders conferred last night on the proposed 1938 budget and promised to make recommendations on further reducing the figures in the original draft.

J. Alfred Beck, Audubon, minority floor leader, who presided at the caucus in the grand jury room of the court house, said the budget was discussed from various angles. The minority members will confer again tomorrow night before the monthly meeting of the board, he said.

"We only discussed generalities tonight," Beck said after the meeting. "We also discussed county parks but our principal topic was the budget.

"When we get together Wednesday night we expect to offer suggestions to the board on further reducing the budget."

Other freeholders attending the caucus were Benjamin F. Slemmer, Haddon Heights; George Farrell, Jr., Haddonfield; James W. Wood, Lindenwold; William Myers, Voorhees Township; James Kershaw, Mt. Ephraim; William C. Gerhard, Merchantville, who is chairman of the budget committee; William A. Coll, Haddon township; Wilfred H. Forrest, Pine Hill, and Lewis P. Orchard, Berlin.

Absent from the minority group were Louis Bantivoglio, Fifth Ward; Joseph S. Fitzgerald, Barrington; Frank C. Schramm, Waterford; Howard H. Westcott, Pennsauken Township, and Reuben Heggen, Winslow Township.

Beck revealed 26 votes are needed in the board to approve the budget on final reading: Four Kobus and Independent Republicans formed a coalition with the Democrats at the organization of the board on New Year's Day, giving the coalition 23 votes. Beck said it is necessary, to have two-thirds votes of the 38 members, whether they are present or not, to approve the budget. At least three votes from the present minority Republican group is necessary to pass the budget on final reading, he said..


Camden Courier-Post - February 8, 1938

RACKET BOOK 'LIBRARY' CAUSES MAN'S ARREST

Joseph Spada, 24, of 312 Royden Street, was arrested on suspicion by Detective Thomas Murphy yester day when Murphy said he found 72 blank numbers racket books in Spada's automobile.

Murphy asked Public Safety Director Kobus for an opinion whether Spada could be held on this evidence for a lottery charge. If he cannot, Murphy said, the man will be released.


Camden Courier-Post - February 9, 1938 

Vincent Gallaher to Be Named County Solicitor
by Freeholders To Replace Keown Tonight

By DAN McCONNELL

Vincent J. Gallaher, of Collingswood, a Camden attorney and chairman of the Camden County Democratic Committee, will be elected county solicitor at tonight‘s regular meeting of the coalition-controlled Camden County Board of Freeholders.

This was learned through two unimpeachable sources yesterday. Gallaher informed close friends he would be chosen for the post.

Gallaher will be chosen despite claims of Walter S. Keown, present county solicitor, that he cannot he removed from the position. Reports last week that Keown had decided to resign without a fight to keep his job were declared by him to be false. He said yesterday he had no statement to offer.

Further it was learned that Keown was sworn in as county solicitor by Deputy County Clerk Truax on January 7. It was the first time he had even taken the oath of office.

Others Take Oath

Truax also admitted a number of other county officials were sworn in last month. No record of the other officials previously taking the oath of office is on file in the county clerk's office.

"As I understand the law the county solicitor does not have to take the oath of office," Truax said. "The act specifically sets forth that he shall be elected for a term of three years. Mr. Keown was elected county solicitor on January 1, 1937.

"An act does require the county physician must be sworn in by the county clerk or deputy clerk. Dr. Edward B. Rogers, who was elected county physician, neglected to take the oath.

It is understood that City Solicitor Firmin Michel recommended the appointment of Gallaher, who also is said to have the endorsement of Commissioner Mary W. Kobus, who successfully directed the coalition movement that wrested the control of the Board of Freeholders from the Republicans after an uninterrupted reign of 92 years.

Michel with Isadore H. Hermann and Edward V. Martino, all affiliated with the Camden city legal department, are said to have looked up the law and reached the unanimous conclusion that Keown can be ousted from his job and that Gallaher’s appointment will withstand all tests in the courts.

Other Jobs in Doubt

Other present Republican jobholders may also be routed out of office at tonight's meeting of the freeholders, it was indicated.

Apparently some who have held county jobs, many for long periods; anticipate the freeholders plan to replace them.

Among several known to have taken oaths of office during the last month are Mrs. Grace Anthony Riggins, superintendent of the county juvenile detention home; William B. Macdonald, county court stenographer ; George R. Braunwarth, custodian of the Court House-City Hall; his assistant, Thomas B. Dickinson, Jr.; Jacob Price, county supervisor of roads; Martin J. McNulty, county purchasing agent, and Dr. Lee J. Hammett, secretary-treasurer of the Camden County Welfare Board.

Ali members of the Camden County Park Commission have been sworn in. They include Leroy A. Goodwin, president; Dr. Frank O. Stem, treasurer; Horace L. Brewer, assistant treasurer; former Mayor Roy R. Stewart, William H. Dunn, of Collingswood; J. William Markeim, of Haddonfield and George Kleinheinz, of Camden.

Royden S. Matlack, assistant county treasurer and assistant auditor to the board of freeholders was sworn in on January 13, for both positions.

Truax did not attach any significance to the fact that the number of officials decided to take their oaths of office.

Following the appointment of Dr. David S. Rhone as county physician, Dr. Rogers did not legally oppose the naming of his successor.

Records of the county clerk's office show that Dr. Rhone was the first county physician to be sworn in and to sign the "book," as the official registry is called by attaches of the office.


Camden Courier-Post - February 9, 1938

Is Zat So?
by
GORDON MACKAY

May we not at this time proffer a suggestion to Mayor Brunner, Eddie Kelleher and the other party sachems that should be a sure-fire plan to make Camden county safe for Democracy? We advise that the Democrats gather a fund of $4000, the money to be expended in giving testimonial dinners to Republican leaders, near-leaders and persons who figure themselves to be both.

Engage tables enough to accommodate about 350 persons. Invite representatives of all the various G. O. P. factions in the county, give a half dozen tickets to boisterous Democrats, so that the latter can sit back in their seats and enjoy the subsequent dogfight on a full stomach.

This idea that I am advancing to register about 5000 more Democrats in the county and paralyze the remnants of the once-powerful county G.O.P., was born when I attended the recent testimonial dinner to Louis Bantivoglio, freeholder from the Fifth ward.

Naturally my attendance was purely in a professional capacity. Speeches were made by divers and sundry spokesmen, the high-light being the sales talk for Bantivoglio and Baird by David Baird, Jr. The latter waxed wrathfully but warily in castigating the "half-breeds," as he once sarcastically termed the Republicans of the ilk and stature and political. leanings of Commissioner Mary W. Kobus.

Rarely, too, have we ever attended a banquet, either in the capacity of guest or reporter that ever awakened so many echoes of the past as did the dinner to the Fifth ward freeholder.

MRS. KOBUS ELECTED LOUIS

First came the information from friends of Commissioner Kobus that she was responsible for the election of Bantivoglio from the Fifth ward as freeholder. In view of the fact that Squire Baird seemed to feel that the freeholder's election was a personal triumph; this appeared strange to yours truly.

We moseyed about, however, and discovered that whether the squire likes it or not Mary W. Kobus and her minions did elect Bantivoglio. The leaders of the Kobus faction who put, the thing across were headed by a woman named Madeline Salvatore and a gentleman named "Bucky" Branch.

Bantivoglio was elected by something less than 40 votes, These votes could easily have been given to his opponent but there were strategic reasons why the Kobus faction didn't want a Democrat chosen from the Fifth ward.

So Branch, who is a policeman, I believe, and who was not working on election day, it being his regular day off, went into his precinct and put over the votes that elected Bantivoglio .

And Mr. "Bucky" Branch, I have been informed, has been so sore at the fact that he did elect Louis Bantivoglio that he moans and cries and berates himself ever since the trick was turned ..

Politicos who told me the story about the Kobus support for Bantivoglio gave a rather sensible reason for the step that was taken by the anti-Baird folk. The New Dealers among the Republicans sensed that the division between the Republicans and Democrats in the 1938 Board of Freeholders was going: to be exceedingly close.

Too close, in fact, to take any chances. So it was decided to support Bantivoglio in the Fifth ward, because he was a regular Baird Republican and couldn't be won to the coalition, The reasoning of the Kobusitees was clear and correct.

Had Bantivoglio been beaten by a Democrat, the board would have been divided equally, The Democrats would then have been able to deal with an individual rather than a faction, One vote would have given either side control. Thus by putting Bantivoglio across the Kobus faction made it imperative for the Democrats to deal with that clique; in fact Brunner and his minions had to do that little thing.

In view of this analysis I'm con tent to believe that the Kobus claim that the New Dealers elected Louis Bantivoglio is absolutely okay.

LADY " COPPER" NOT TRADE PARTY

Now don't get the information askew. Mrs. Kobus had no official or personal hand in this matter. It was the keen thought of some of her lieutenants, whose judgment appears to have been excellent, that fashioned this plan and executed it.

Meanwhile numerous politicos have been jibing Baird's statement that he would "rather have one Louis Bantivoglio than 1000 ingrates.". These political seers and soothsayers declared that such a declaration proved that its author was all wet in his political judgment and short sighted in his political history.

These politicos ambushed Mackay the other day, crammed him. into a corner and told him that if it "hadn't been for Bantivoglio Baird would have control of the city commission today."

These chuckling anti-Bairdites not only bearded me in my den, but dared me to disprove their statements by taking a look at the record. A stranger to politics in Camden, I didn't know the import of this statement until I squinted at the ward returns for the 1935 city commission election.

There in black and white is the proof that Baird lost the city commission fight because of the Bantivoglio-Leo Rea alliance in the Fifth ward. Just to take a look at the record again and to refresh jaded memories, the regular Baird slate received the following votes in the Fifth ward:

Bennett, 1016; Leonard, 1001; Lummis, 962; Rhone, 963; von Nieda, 1081. The New Deal ticket, then supported by the Messrs. Bantivoglio and Rea, polled these votes;· Baker, 1032; Brunner, 1022; Hartmann, 1001; Kobus, 1024, and Reesman, 930.

We would call your attention particularly to the Leonard-Hartmann vote. Louis and Leo supported candidates Brunner, Kobus and Hartmann, of the New Deal.

Leonard and Hartmann polled exactly the same vote, 1001. And the recount revealed Hartmann a winner by SEVEN votes, the box score showing Hartmann, 17,338, and Leonard, 17,331. And the Fifth ward turned the trick, for it would have been easy for Louis and Leo to have given Hartmann the same vote that Reesman received, or 71 less, and elected Leonard. There would have been no recount then.

Which scrutiny of the returns would seem to show that Bantivoglio as a friend of the squire proved his valor and vigilance in the cause by seating a New Deal commissioner and owing his seat in the Board of Freeholders to the Kobus clan.

In connection with this fund which the Democrats should raise to give testimonial dinners to G.O.P. leaders et cetera we might suggest that on each occasion they have, David Baird Jr., named for a new office. In order, that my friend, Florence Baker, can show her loyalty and friendship to the Old Guard Field Marshal by asking his election to the said office.

This suggestion to, the Messrs. Brunner, Kelleher and the others is made tax-free, and no charge for usage. If that scheme doesn't make Camden county safe for Democracy, nothing will.


Camden Courier-Post - February 9, 1938

HANCE NAMED TO POST OF RETIRING POLICEMAN

Director of Public Safety Kobus yesterday announced the appointment of Charles S. Hance, 1305 Argus Road; as a patrolman, He succeeds Charles Smith of the Second district, who will retire on police pension effective February 16.


Camden Courier-Post - February 10, 1938
7 Men Overcome by Gas Fumes in Tank Car at Pavonia Yards
5 RESCUERS FELLED REMOVING WORKERS AT REPAIRING SHOP
Pulmotor Used to Revive Two Victims; Patrol Driver Injured
NEW RADIO AIDS POLICE

 Seven men were overcome by an intoxicating gas in a railroad tank car yesterday at the old Pavonia car shop, Twenty-fourth street and Sherman Avenue.

Two of the victims were working inside the car and the other five were overcome while rescuing the unconscious men,

Three of the victims were taken to Cooper Hospital where pulmotors were required to revive them.

The victims:

 Earl Hawk, 20, of 2906 Buren Avenue.

James Christy, 22, of 2710 Pleasant Avenue.

Fred W. Dickman, 30, of 123 Holly Avenue, Maple Shade.

Anthony Alexander, 32, of 2800 Sherman Avenue.

Samuel Ritterbach, 27, of 2836 Pleasant Avenue.

Robert Selah, 28, of 1237 North Thirty-third Street.

Charles Visconti, 22 of 6128 Irving Avenue, Pennsauken.

Hawk, and Christy did not regain consciousness until an hour after being taken to the hospital and were admitted. The other four were treated and released.

Gas Fells Worker

The trouble started when Hawk entered the car to remove residue of the compound by loading it into buckets which were pulled to the top by Selah.

Bucket after bucket reached the small opening of the car. Then they stopped coming up. Selah peered into the car and saw Hawk lying on the bottom in about a foot of the compound.

Selah, last night in describing the incident, said he descended into the car and tried to lift Hawk up the ladder.

"All of a sudden I started to feel as if I was drunk," Seelah said. "I climbed the ladder myself and yelled for help just before I passed out. That is all I remember until I came to at the hospital."

Selah's call for aid was heard by the workmen in the yard who rushed to his rescue. One of the first to reach the car after Selah's call was Alexander.

Rescuers Stricken

"I heard his call and climbed up the car and then into it," Alexander said. "I tried to push Selah to the top but the gas got me, also. When I reached the hole in the car I saw Selah dancing and singing on the bottom of the car. I finally came to in the patrol wagon on the way to the hospital."

The same feelings seemed to come upon each of the rescuers as they attempted to lift the victims to the top of the car by means of a rope tied around their waist. As each was overcome they began to exhibit different forms of drunkenness. Some were singing, some laughing and some crying. 

Hawk and Selah are employees of Edward Thomas, of Riverside, who has a contract to clean the cars while they are being repaired in the shop.

Warned of Fumes

Thomas said both men were instructed in the uses of gas masks as late as yesterday and were warned never to go into any of the tank cars without their masks.

Selah said he had been into the car with a mask on before Hawk entered.

"I came out of the car, taking off my mask, and then I saw Hawk going in without his. I yelled to warn him but he apparently didn't hear my warning.”

When police were informed of the men being overcome, all radio cars were called to the scene through the new two-way equipment. The radio patrols reached the car shop within two minutes due to the greater efficiency of the new system by which they were able to receive exact instructions after the first alarm on where to proceed.

Walter Patton, driver of the patrol which took the men to the hospital, was treated for an eye in jury after he was struck by a piece of flying stone.

Safety Heads Respond

Deputy Chief William H. Harring responded with firemen when the alarm was sounded. There was no explosion or fire, Harring said.

Commissioner Mary W. Kobus, director of public safety, rushed to the scene immediately after the first report and began an investigation.

The five workers employed out· side the car were the first to respond to Selah's call for aid, and entered the car one at a time in an attempt to remove the victims. When the five failed to come up, other workers joined in the rescue.

A volunteer, equipped with a gas mask attached to an airline hose, went into the car and brought out one of the victims.

Workers then alternated in entering the car until all seven men had been brought out.

The old Pavonia yards now are used by the Eastern Tank Gas Company, which repairs and rebuilds cars for hauling gas, oil and similar materials.

The men were working inside one of the cars which recently had contained the road paving compound, Harring said. The tank contained a benzol solution, which generates a strong gas.


Camden Courier-Post - February 10, 1938

Added Equipment Authorized
To Aid in Fighting City's Fires
More Gas Masks and Oxygen Tanks Ordered by Mrs. Kobus
Together With Large Life Net and Chemical Generators

Additional modern fire-fighting equipment will be provided at Camden fire headquarters and in several fire houses, Commissioner Mary W. Kobus stated yesterday.

Purchase of the equipment, the director said, will be made with funds included in the year's budget submitted to City Comptroller Sidney P. McCord yesterday.

Mrs. Kobus commented on the rescue of seven workmen from a tank car at the old Pavonia car shops and pointed out rescues were effected by use of gas masks and oxygen tanks.

"I deemed it advisable to obtain more gas masks and oxygen tanks for other fire houses in the city to cope with such future emergencies," Commissioner Kobus said.

Two inhalators will be placed at fire headquarters along with additional grappling hooks to be used in drowning cases, she added.

Purchase of a large type life net, additional chemical generators for combating gasoline and oil fires, and "wind breakers" for fire apparatus not equipped with windshields has been authorized, Director Kobus added.


Camden Courier-Post * February 11, 1938

14TH WARD WOMEN DINE MRS. GARRITY TONIGHT

The Women's Independent Republican Association, of the Fourteenth Ward, is giving an informal dinner at 8 o'clock tonight in honor of Mrs. Marion E. Garrity, committeewoman, and president of the association, at the Red Hill Inn.

Guest speakers will be Commissioner Mary W. Kobus and Mayor George E. Brunner.

Mrs. Lottie B. Stinson, who will be toastmistress, has also headed the committee planning the dinner. She was assisted by Mrs. Mildred Moore, Mrs. Margaret Messick, Mrs. Elsie Hamburger, Mrs. Mary Lewyn, Mrs. Anne Greenan and Mrs. Florence McCleave.


Camden Courier-Post * February 11, 1938

Co-Operation in City Cleanup Facilitates Rubbish Collection
Separation of Refuse By Householders Permits Use of Ashes
for Street Repairs and Fill; Employees to Return Accommodation

This is the fifth in a series of articles showing how co-opera­tion by Camden citizens in ash and garbage collection can save money for, the city.

By DAN BOONE 

Camden citizens are co-operating so well with Commissioner Frank J. Hartmann in his campaign to improve the appearance of the city streets that the director of public works today announced a new procedure for collections. 

Heretofore ashes, garbage, papers, bottles, cans and other rubbish had , to be collected together because householders failed to put out their of refuse in separate containers.

Now, however, Hartmann's request to keep ashes separate from garbage and other refuse have been heeded so well that the new method has been decided on. 

Beginning Monday, Hartmann said, separate trucks will be used for collection of ashes and the other refuse. By removing the ashes in one truck and the garbage, papers, bottles and cans and other rubbish in another, the ashes will be available for road repairs and to fill in lowlands. Then the other trucks, containing the garbage and rubbish can be taken direct to the city incinerator at Fourteenth and. Federal streets.

"The people have shown a wonderful spirit of co-operation," Hartmann said, "and when they see how much better their streets look and realize the assistance they are giving the city employees, I am sure they will continue to aid us by placing their refuse in proper containers."

If this co-operation continues, Hartmann said he hoped eventually specific days could be set aside for collection of different types of refuse. For instance ashes would be collected on one day and another day would be set aside for removal of garbage and rubbish.

"I believe that would make it easier for the householders, who now must put out everything at once," the Commissioner said.

While Hartmann said he appreciated the aid given by the citizens in his campaign, he also announced the collectors themselves would be given additional instructions. 

Collectors to Aid Also

"I am going to ask the men who collect the refuse not to throw the empty containers down on the curb lines. They will be instructed to place them carefully along the other side of the pavement close to the houses or where there are fences to put them inside," the Commissioner said. 

"That will take very little more time or trouble and I believe it will prevent the empty containers from being, kicked about the streets. 

"Also, I will ask Commissioner Mary W. Kobus, director of public safety, to seek the co-operation of the fire marshal in eliminating any other condition which I found." 

"In several sections I found high, top-heavy piles of baled and loose papers on the sidewalks in front of junkyards. A stiff wind easily could send this paper all over the streets."


Camden Courier-Post - February 12, 1938
To Lead March

GLOUCESTER GROUP TO GIVE BALL HERE
Camden Officials to Attend
Barbers' and Beauticians' Fete Monday

More than 700 persons, including Camden city and county officials, will attend the first annual ball of the Beauticians and Barbers Association to be given Monday night at the Moose ballroom, 808 Market street, Camden.

The group, a Gloucester city organization headed by Peter A. Sessa, president of the Gloucester Master Barbers, and Miss Florence Winters, president of the Beauticians, voted to hold the event in Camden because ample quarters are not available in Gloucester due to condemnation of the old city hall.

Guests at the ball will include City Commissioners Mary W. Kobus, Frank J. Hartmann, Jr., Harold W. Bennett, Frederick von Nieda and Mayor George Brunner. Other guests will be Postmaster Emma E. Hyland, Prosecutor Samuel P. Orlando, Judges Joseph Varbalow and Gene Mariano, Mary Soistmann, Democratic state committeewoman, and Frank B. Hanna and Mrs. Florence Baker, members o£ the Republican State Committee; City Solicitor Firmin Michel; Mayor John F. Gorman, of Gloucester; A. L. Kuhn, of Trenton, and Charles E. Paglucia, of Plainfield, members of the State Board of Barber Examiners; Lewis Waldman, of Trenton, president of the State Master Barbers' Association, and Vincent Ferrante, president of the Camden Master Barbers' Association.


FLORENCE WINTERS 

She will lead the grand march of the first annual ball of the Beauticians and Barbers Association of Gloucester, to be held Monday night in the Moose ballroom, 808 Market street.

Music will be furnished by Bob Horton and his orchestra, and dancing will be supervised by Prof. Edward Daisey.

The committee in charge includes Lewis Kelly, chairman; Johanna Fox, secretary; Peter Pellegrino, treasurer; Verna Casey, Margaret Shuster, Catherine Moran, Effie Jones, Anna Caldwell, Florence Winters, Jean Gorman, Arthur Kinch, Nicholas Casto, Dominick La Bascio, Rocco Burgo, Peter Sessa and William Cheeseman.


Camden Courier-Post * February 14, 1938

11 NABBED BY POLICE IN GAMBLING RAIDS
7 Arrested in Bingo Numbers Racket; 4 Seized in Betting Place

Ten men and a woman were arrested in gambling raids over the weekend by Camden city and county authorities.

Seven were arrested for operating a "bingo numbers" racket. A warrant also was issued for Frank Palese, 400 Spruce street, a member of a widely known South Camden family, as the "big shot" of the racket, according to Chief Lawrence T. Doran, of county detectives. Doran said last night Palese is still a fugitive.

In another raid by Camden police, three men and a woman were arrested in an alleged horse racing betting establishment at 1149 Lansdowne avenue. The place was on the second floor over a grocery store, according to Sergeant Gus Koerner, City Detective Thomas Murphy, Jr.
and Patrolman James McLaughlin, who made the raid. Koerner and Murphy also figured in the second raid.

Several racing forms and four telephones with two direct wires to tracks now in operation were seized, according to Koerner and Murphy, The police first arrested Roland Flynn, 36, of 589 Carman street; Neil Zeldman, 43, of 1064 Langham avenue, and James O'Donal, 27, of. 
1119 Empire avenue, and held them in $1000 bail for violating the State crimes act.

Woman Arrested

Later Mrs. Rose Koplin, 37, who lives in an apartment over the store, was taken into custody on the same charge and held in $500 bail. Mrs. Koplin's brother, Milton Katz, posted cash bail for her release.

Katarina Pologruto, 420 West street, posted bail for O'Donal, who also is known as O'Donnell, and Flynn. Frank Davalos, saloonkeeper, of 441 Benson street, furnished bail for Zeldman.

Murphy reported that $700 had been bet on race horses at the establishment up until 3.30 p. m., Saturday, the time of the raid.

Among those arrested in the "bingo numbers" racket was Fred Rossi, who fought in the prize ring under the name of "Pee Wee" Ross. He was arrested Saturday afternoon at his home at 438 Mickle street by Koerner and Murphy.

O'Donal, Flynn, Zeidman and Mrs. Koplin will be given hearings today in police court.
Others under arrest in the lottery game their names and addresses as Joseph Marino, 288 Chestnut street; Harry Girard, 446 Pine street; Peter Branco, 1109 South Third street; Donald Goodman, of Woodlynne; Irving Chapman, 43 South Merchant street, Merchantville, and John 
Holmes, 227 Main street, Merchantville. An eighth man, James Lodge, Brooklawn, was questioned and released as a material witness.

Rossi, Branco, Goodman and Holmes were released in $500 bail each for the Grand Jury by Justice of the Peace Samuel Rudolph. Prosecutor Orlando said he would demand bail of $1000 each for release of Girard and Marino.

Refused to Sell

Lodge told the detectives he was approached to sell the slips but that he refused to take them.

Doran stated that Marino insists he is the operator of the lottery, but the county detective chief declared that Marino was merely trying to "take the rap" for Palese.

City and county authorities have been aware of the existence of the new racket for about 10 days. Murphy and Koerner had been detailed specifically by Commissioner Mary W. Kobus to investigate and break up the ring. The two sleuths followed numerous suspects, watching 
where they went, and getting a list of stops and suspects.

The trap was sprung when Marino, Girard, Chapman and Holmes were arrested on South Centre street in Merchantville as they sat in a parked car. The car, according to Doran, bore license plates issued to Palese.

Merchantville police and Doran arrested the four and seized bingo numbers slips. Murphy and Koerner also arrested Branco, while County Detectives James Mulligan, Elmer Mathis, Wilfred Dube and Casmir Wojtkowiak arrested Goodman.

Doran admitted that the automobile in which the four men were found was the property of Palese. A search was made at the home of Palese, on Fourth street, near Spruce, but nothing indicating he was connected with the racket was found, Doran said. But Doran added he has information which leads him to believe Palese was the head of the new racket..


Camden Courier-Post * February 15, 1938

CITY SCHOOL BUDGET INCREASED $135,225
Pay Restorations, New Employees Held Cause of Advance in Appropriations

Camden City's school budget for the 1938-1939 fiscal school year, showing an increase of $135,225, was adopted by the Board of Education last night.

Commissioner Mary W. Kobus, board president, explained the budget increase is almost entirely due to the restoration one-half of the existing 10 percent salary cuts and also to the addition of 20 new teachers and two new janitors.

The president added that 15 of the new teachers are assigned to the recently enlarged Davis School, three to the two high schools and two to junior schools.

No indication was given of how much the increased amount will affect the tax rate.

Meeting Scheduled Today

Mrs. Kobus said she with other board members did everything possible to prevent an increase and pointed out that the only unusual increase, other than teachers' salaries was for supplies and materials.
The matter of a tax rate will be decided after a joint meeting today of the board members with the members of the board of school estimates,
Mrs. Kobus said.

In making up the budget the board members pared several appropriations in an effort to apportion $43,000 as a sponsor's share to obtain a PWA grant of $232,000 for additions, alterations and improvements to several schools.

The appropriation for teachers is $1,487,061, compared to $1,388,745 for the last fiscal year, an increase of $98,316.

For other salaries, including executive, office, clerical and janitors $262,579 was appropriated. The total for the previous year was |236,386, an increase of $27,868.

The amount for supplies, materials and other items is $226,910, an increase of $9160 over the previous year when the total was $217,850.

State Funds Awaited

The city's apportionment of revenue to be appropriated is $1,692,225. In estimated sources of revenue, $100,000 is expected to come from an additional state appropriation. Additional state funds include, appropriation, $169,463; manual training, $5000; crippled children, $1500; evening schools, $500.

Other anticipated revenue items include tuition fees, $1000; teachers absence refunds, $3000; miscellaneous, $3000.

Secretary Albert Austermuhl stated additional funds may be anticipated from enrollment of students from schools outside the city. He also stated the state has not paid the city its share for the education of crippled children. The amount in arrears for two past years is $3000, he said.

For instructions in elementary, high, junior high schools and manual training the amount is fixed at $1,431,117.

The sum of $135,884 is set up for supervisory instruction, with $41,615 for administration.
Costs for operation of elementary schools is placed at $130,067. The cost for the operation of the high schools is $47,605 with $37,750 appropriated for junior high schools.

Other budget items include coordinated activities, $40,956; property maintenance cost, $74,455; fixed charges, $13,760; auxiliary agencies, $8900; special schools, $15,116. 

Salary Total Increased

Total salaries for teachers in elementary, kindergarten, special classes and in correction classes total, $874,955. For high school teachers the amount is $259,467. Junior school teachers salaries total $156,169.

The increases for teachers are: elementary and other classes, $53,-535; high schools, $19,146; junior schools, $10,279. Manual training costs increased $5066.

Cost for elementary school janitor salaries is set at $81,217, an increase of $11,428. Most of the increase is due to additional janitorial service required for the Davis school annex.

The sum of $33,655 is appropriated for high school janitors, an increase of $1815. The amount for junior high school janitors is $27,000, an increase of $1483..


Camden Courier-Post * February 16, 1938
School Estimates Board Defers Action on $1,978,225 Budget
SUM HELD TOO HIGH BY CITY OFFICIALS; REDUCTIONS SOUGHT
Mrs. Kobus Urges Employment of Auditor to Aid in Paring Costs

TEACHER EXPENSE RISES

The Board of School Estimates met yesterday and adjourned without taking any action on the proposed $1,978,225 budget approved by the Board of Education.

The education budget is $135,244 more than the $1,842,981 provided for the 1937-38 year.
Mayor Brunner and City Commissioner Hartmann insisted at the board of estimates meeting that the budget was too high and would have to be pruned. At the suggestion of Commissioner Kobus, who also is president of the Board of Education, the meeting authorized City Comptroller McCord to employ an auditor to report on school costs.

It seemed the sense of yesterday's meeting that the items calling for additional teachers and janitors would have to be cut and that perhaps employment of new teachers for the Davis School to take care of Westfield Acres pupils could be reduced by transfer of some teachers from other schools.

Held Due to Salaries

In addition to the commissioners, the estimates board includes Mrs. Alice K. Predmore and E. George Aaron. The latter was absent.

The estimates board, which must approve the budget, adjourned indefinitely to meet again at the call of the Mayor when McCord's audit is completed.

Mrs. Kobus explained that virtually the entire increase is due to restoration of one-half of the existing 10 percent salary cuts and the proposed additions of 20 new teachers and two janitors.

The president added that 15 of the new teachers are assigned to the recently enlarged Davis School, three to the two high schools and two to junior schools.

Half of the increase will appear in Camden City's 1938 budget, which operates on a calendar year as contrasted with the school fiscal year.

Five-Cent Rise on 1938 

The total rise is equivalent to 10 cents on the tax rate, so that half the amount means a five-cent increase on the 1938 rate

Mrs. Kobus said she with other board members did everything possible to prevent an increase and pointed out that the only unusual increase, other than teachers' salaries was for supplies and materials.

In making up the budget the board members pared several appropriations in an effort to apportion $43,000 as a sponsor's share to obtain a PWA grant of $232,000 for additions, alterations and improvements to several schools.

The appropriation for teachers is $1,487,061, compared to $1,388,745 for the last fiscal year, an increase of $98,316.

For other salaries, including executive, office, clerical and janitors, $262,579 was appropriated. The total for the previous year was $236,386, an increase of $27,868.

The amount for supplies, materials and other items is $226,910, an increase of $9160 over the previous year when the total was $217,850.

The city's apportionment of revenue to be appropriated is $1,692,225. In estimated sources of revenue, $100,000 is expected to come from an additional state appropriation. Additional state funds include, appropriation, $169,463; manual training, $5000; crippled children, $1500; evening schools, $500.

Other anticipated revenue items include tuition fees, $1000; teachers absence refunds, $3000; miscellaneous, $3000.

Secretary Albert Austermuhl stated additional funds may be anticipated from enrollment of students from schools outside the city. He also stated the state has not paid the city its share for the "education of crippled children. The amount in arrears for two past years is $3000, 
he said.

For instructions in elementary, high, junior high schools and manual training the amount is fixed at $1,431,117.

The sum of $135,884 is set up for supervisory instruction, with $41,615 for administration.

Costs for operation of elementary schools is placed at $130,067. The cost for the operation of the high schools is $47,605 with $37,750 appropriated for junior high schools.

Other budget items include coordinated activities, $40,956; property maintenance cost, $74,455; fixed charges, $13,760; auxiliary agencies, $8900; special schools, $15,116. 

Total salaries for teachers in elementary, kindergarten, special classes and correction classes total $874,955. For high school teachers the amount is $259,467. Junior school teachers salaries total $156,169.

The increases for teachers are: elementary and other classes, $53,535; high schools, $19,146; junior schools, $10,279. Manual training costs increased $5066.

Cost for elementary school janitor salaries is set at $81,217, an increase of $11,428. Most of the increase is due to additional janitorial service required for the Davis school annex.

The sum of $33,655 is appropriated for high school janitors, an increase of $1815. The amount for junior high school janitors is $27,000, an increase of $1483..


Camden Courier-Post * February 16, 1938
CUT THE SCHOOL BUDGET
(Editorial)

The Camden Board of Education, Monday night, adopted a school budget showing a total increase of $135,000.

Commissioner Kobus, president of the board, contends this increase is due almost entirely to the five percent pay-cut restoration for this year and to the addition of 20 teachers and two janitors.

That increase does not conform with the figure which taxpayers have had in mind.

Last December when the board voted to restore an additional five percent of school pay-cuts in 1938, we were told that this would increase the payroll $80,000—an amount which city finances would stand without increasing the tax rate and therefore an increase which the taxpayers could afford.

Along with this $80,000 increase, however, comes another for $55,000 and whether the city finances will stand this extra expense without increasing taxes is by no means clear. Until that point is clear, there is bound to be public objection to a school budget larger than the taxpayer expected.

The Board of Estimate, which passes on this budget, cannot escape the responsibility for making whatever reductions or alterations are necessary to keep school expense in line with the taxpayers' ability to pay.

The city tax rate must not go up. That means that the tentative school budget must come down, and the Board of Estimate will have to bring it down.


Camden Courier-Post * February 17, 1938
TESTIMONIAL DINNER TO HONOR POLOMBO

Ben Polombo, president of Societa Di N. S. Unione Forza will be honored February 24 at a dinner in the Licata Restaurant, 417 Walnut street. Polombo recently was elected for his seventh term. Guests invited include Mayor Brunner, Commissioner Mary W. Kobus, Assistant City Solicitor Edward V. Martino and John L. Morrissey. Police Judge Gene R. Mariano will be toastmaster.

James J. Scarduzio is committee chairman. Others on the committee are John Colleratti, vice chairman; Samuel Barbarosa, treasurer; Nick Caramanna, secretary; Antonio De Marco, financial secretary; Joseph Mascico, Carman Calvanetti, Ernest Parattoglia, Rocco Melfi, Nick Del Rossi, Louis Bush, Antonio Marcchiore and Fred Muscella.


Camden Courier-Post * February 17, 1938
6TH WARD GROUP BACKS LEADERSHIP OF KOBUS

Support of City Commissioner Mary W. Kobus as "leader of the Republican Party in Camden County" is pledged in a resolution adopted by the Sixth Ward Republican Association, meeting in headquarters of the Camden County Republican Association, 506 Broadway.

Text of the resolution, signed by Elwood A. Fritz, president, and Edgar Brittingham, secretary, follows:

"Whereas Commissioner Mary W. Kobus as a public official and as a Republican has always demanded and upheld the most important and political proclamation, to wit: 'Only those means and measures shall be adopted which shall presently and ultimately prove and provoke the greatest good to the greatest number,' and

"Whereas the Sixth Ward Republican Association is desirous of rehabilitating the Republican Party and restoring confidence of the public in the Republican Party;

"Therefore be it resolved that the Sixth Ward Republican Association of the City and County of Camden does hereby pledge its support to the leadership of Mary W. Kobus as leader of the Republican Party of Camden County."

Officers installed at the meeting were Fritz, Brittingham, Charles Cifriano, first vice-president; John Gritton, second vice president, and Edgar Holmes, treasurer..


Camden Courier-Post * February 17, 1938
WONSETLER HAILED AS NEXT PRESIDENT OF STATE
Dinner Speakers Predict Camden Man Will Get Association Post
N. J. OFFICERS ATTEND

Robert Wonsetler, of the Camden Fire Department, was hailed as the next state president of the Firemen's Mutual Benevolent Association at the 41st anniversary dinner of Camden Local, No. 5, last night. It was held in Kenney's Cafe, with 150 members and their women folks attending.

The Camden man is now first vice president of the state association and state representative of the local. James Delaney, of Elizabeth, state president, and other state officers who were among the speakers predicted that when the local has its 42nd anniversary next year, it will have occasion to celebrate the election of Wonsetler as 1939 state president.

Other speakers were Mayor George E. Bruner, City Commissioners Mary W. Kobus and Frank J. Hartmann, Assemblyman Rocco Palese, Fire Chief John H. Lennox, Carlton W. Rowand, Bruce A. Wallace and Freeholder Edward J. Quinlan.

State officers attending, besides Delaney and Wonsetler, were Fred Bailey, Weehawken, second vice president; George Steele, Union City, recording secretary; Joseph Burke, Newark, financial secretary, and Jack Reed, Kearny, treasurer.

Surrogate Frank B. Hanna, who was toastmaster, referred to the three city commissioners present as "candidates for re-election without opposition."

Commissioner Kobus, head of the city fire department, was applauded when she announced wash-stands and showers are being installed in local firehouses and that windbreakers and new fire nets have been ordered.

"The firehouses in Camden are in better condition than ever before,"
Commissioner Hartmann said.

Officers of the Camden Local are Chester Andrus, president; W. Samuel Mountney, vice president; Nelson Andrews, recording secretary; Harrison Pike, financial secretary; Henry Zook, treasurer; Ralph Bingemann, sergeant-at-arms; William H. Harrison, chaplain, and Wonsetler, state representative.

Russell J. Anderson was chairman of the dinner committee, which included Harry Wagner, Arthur Batten, Harry Wilkers, David Humphries and Pike.


Camden Courier-Post * February 17, 1938
CLUB ASKS MRS. KOBUS TO BE COUNTY LEADER

Recognition of Commissioner Mary W. Kobus as Republican leader of, Camden county was urged at a meeting of the First, Ward Women's Regular Republican Club. 

A motion calling for the action was introduced by Mrs. Bertha Burns and seconded by Mrs. Elizabeth Petrauschke. It was unanimously approved by the c1ub. 



Camden Courier-Post
February 23, 1938




...continued...
...continued...

Horace R. Dixon - Frank J. Hartmann Jr. - Harold W. Bennett - George Brunner
Mary Kobus - Joseph N. Hettell - S. Raymond Dobbs - Rocco Palese

Camden Courier-Post * February 24, 1938

CAMDEN POLICE TO GET 13TH RADIO PATROL CAR

Camden policemen who operate the police-radio squad cars may have grounds for superstition. 

The 13th police car to be equipped with two-way radio communication apparatus will be placed in service next Saturday, it was revealed yesterday by James A. Howell, chief of the city electrical Bureau.

"Camden will be the second city in the State and one of several throughout the country to have 13 cars with two-way radio equipment," Howell said. 

Originally Commissioner Mary W. Kobus, director of public safety, ordered 10 cars be equipped. The system worked so satisfactorily the number was increased, Howell stated.

Jersey City with 24 is the only New Jersey municipality with more two-way equipped cars.


Camden Courier-Post * February 24, 1938

Societa' di M.S. Unione e Forza
Benedette Palumbo - Gene R. Mariano - George E. Brunner
Mary W. Kobus - Edward V. Martino - John L. Morrissey
James J. Scarduzio - John Colleretti - Antonio De Marco
Sam Barbarossa - Nick Carramanna - Carmen Calzanetti
Ernest Tartaglia - Rocco Melfi - Antonio Marchior
Michael Rossi - Louis Bush - Licata Restaurant - Walnut Street

Camden Courier-Post * February 25, 1938


George E. Brunner
Isadore H. Hermann
Robert Burk Johnson
Benjamin Dzick
Joseph Lipkin
Joseph A. Varbalow
Frank Suttill
William H. Bovell
Albert Thompson
Mary Kobus
Clinton Street
North Front Street


Camden Courier-Post - February 26, 1938
Charles H. Errickson - John H. Lennox - Mary W. Kobus

Camden Courier-Post * February 28, 1938

SCHOOL CLERKS ASK FOR JOB TENURE
Urge Camden Legislators to Back Bill Providing for Protection

Camden county's legislative delegation, at its weekly forum was asked to support Assembly bill 301, designed to place clerical employees of school boards under tenure.

The Misses Evelyn Covington, Blossie Miller and Esther Harrop, representing clerks of Camden public schools, asserted all other school employees now are protected by tenure. In answer to questions by Senator Albert E. Burling, they said they knew of no opposition from administration sources.

"We have consulted Mrs. Kobus, president of the Camden city board of education, and she favors the bill," Miss Covington stated.

The measure, sponsored by Assemblyman Bogle, of Middlesex, would give tenure protection to clerks after three years of continuous service, the same as teachers, janitors, nurses and other school employees. No pension feature is contemplated by the bill, the representation said. The women estimated 40 clerks in Camden schools would benefit from its enactment.

The legislators were asked to support Senate 56, introduced by Senator Taggart, of Atlantic, which would amend the narcotics act to make sale and distribution of marihuana illegal.

Mrs. Edith Doke, secretary of the Camden County Parent-Teacher Association, said the city P.T.A. group has gone on record in favor of the bill. She cited an instance in Pennsauken where, she said, a man was arrested and charged with selling marihuana cigarettes to school pupils.


Camden Courier-Post - June 1, 1938 

 


Camden Courier-Post - December 26, 1939
...continued...
...continued...

...continued...

Andrew Scarduzio
Lawrence T. Doran
Thomas Murphy

Joseph Romanowski

Joseph Lenkowski
Stanley Jaskiewicz
Nicholas Scarduzio

Mary W. Kobus
Everett Joslin
Harry Kyler
West Jersey Hospital

Bridge Cafe

Mount Vernon Street

Orchard Street

South 8th Street
Dominic "Mickey" Hanley


Camden Courier-Post * January 2, 1940

WALSH BLOCKS COUP
BY BAIRD IN FREEHOLDERS

Prevents Meeting and
Halts Plan to Make Wood Director
PROCEEDINGS OFF TILL NEXT MONDAY
By A. CHARLES COROTIS

An attempted coup by David Baird in his drive to rebuild his fallen fences for the primary election next May was frustrated yesterday by one lone freeholder, and the baby member of the board, at that.

Edmund A. Walsh elected from Camden's Eighth Ward to fill the unexpired term of the late Ferdinand J. Larkin, foiled Baird's well laid plans when he refused to attend the annual organization meeting after the Republican League bloc of freeholders had been maneuvered into a position of agreeing to support James W. Wood, Baird satellite, for director..

A spokesman for the League group said the agreement was nullified, however, by yesterday's adjournment.

Walsh's loyalty to City Commissioner Mary W. Kobus, long-time political foe of Baird, had the effect of stalemating the 1940 organization, the last under the large board, since the Democrats, upon learning of the G.O.P. decision to support Wood, bolted the meeting room.

"Refused to Sell Out"

Walsh took the stand that to vote for Wood would be to sell out to Baird. Walsh was ready and willing to vote for any other Republican. At no time was he for a Democrat..

The 20 Republican freeholders present could have transacted business and elected Wood if they had gone into session, but Walsh's refusal to be a party to the Baird-Wood scheme left only 19 freeholders willing to meet, and that number is one short of the quorum required by law.

When shortly after 5:00 PM- five hours after the statutory time for reorganization- there was no indication that wither Walsh or the Democrats would return. Wood, J. Alfred Beck, president of the Republican league, and Maurice Bart, floor leader for the Democrats, conferred and agreed to adjourn until next Monday.

Price Furnishes Surprise

Walsh emphasized that he favors Republican organization of the board and agreed to support any Republican for director except Wood. These are the sentiments of Mrs. Kobus. Too, it was the stand of the Republican League until at yesterday's joint conference of the three G.O.P. factions the group headed by Raymond G. Price cast its lot with Wood. This in itself was a major surprise of the day, since Price and Edward J. Quinlan both elected with Kobus support had been considered anti-Baird-ites.


Camden Courier-Post - April 6, 1940

Clifford Carr - Thomas Murphy - Marshall Thompson
  Mary W. Kobus - Viola Street


May 1, 1940
Mary Kobus and friends,
in her City Hall office, on her birthday

Far Right: Carrie (Mick) Loughrey

Click on Image to Enlarge

Photo Courtesy of
Carrie Loughrey's granddaughter
Karen Coon
Please contact
if you recognize anyone in this photograph


Trenton Times * August 9, 1940
Click on Image to Enlarge

...continued...

Mary Kobus - George Frost - Ralph Bakley - Walter Welch - George Ward - Arthur Colsey

Camden Courier-Post * July 1, 1941
MRS. KOBUS CALLED BEFORE GRAND JURY
Probe Concerns' Vote Fraud Case; Court Asked to Oust 2 Freeholders

Commissioner Mary W. Kobus, director of public safety, is to be among seven witnesses tonight be­fore the grand jury investigating election frauds in Camden.

This was announced yesterday by Assistant Prosecutor Patrick H. Harding after Circuit Court Judge V. Claude Palmer took under advisement the application of Republican attorneys to unseat Democratic Freeholders Stanley Ciechanowski and Ventorino Francesconi

The court was asked to "declare the election of their Republican opponents, Charles A. Burkett and George Farrell, because of “fraud, corruption or malconduct" in nine precincts of five Camden wards "sufficient to permit the court to reject the entire vote in those districts."

Mrs. Kobus was summoned before the grand jury with six other persons whose identities were not revealed by Harding. It was reported the jury intended probing the police and firemen's pay increase referendum in the last election, of which there has been considerable testimony in the ballot tampering hearing.

It is understood the jury wants to learn where police and firemen were stationed on election day.

Molt's Majority Admitted

In final arguments before Judge Palmer, attorneys did not ask the court to rule that the election of Freeholder Albert H. Molt, three-year term incumbent, be set aside. The lawyers admitted the total vote with the nine district eliminated does not nullify Molt's majority over Howard Westcott, G.O.P. three-year candidate.

Democrat attorneys combatted the argument of the Republicans with the claim the court does not have the power to set the whole district aside but only those votes found to be illegally credited to the incumbents or taken away from the petitioners.

"Giving the petitioners (Republicans) the benefit of every doubt and crediting to them the votes they contend the losing candidates were deprived of by alleged illegal means, the three Democratic freeholders still maintain substantial pluralities to continue in office" Alex Feinberg, attorney for the Democrats, told the court.

After declaring the attorneys for the freeholders failed to produce evidence to refute testimony given that "hundreds of ballots were tampered with by persons other than the voter," Benjamin Friedman, counsel for the Republican candidates, went into a minute review of the results of testimony at previous sessions of the fraud hearing.

Assails Culprits

He characterized the persons who made the illegal markings as "culprits" and "stupid individuals without any degree of finesse." In district by district, he pointed out the total number of ballots on which there had been erasures and markings by “from one to five persons other than the voter."

 He told the court that one of the districts where ballots had been tampered with, the Fifth precinct of the Fourth ward, was the home district of Freeholder Francesconi but he added he did not wish the court to think "he should be charged with comp1iance in the fraud,"

"I think it is significant to point out that in the Eighth and Ninth precincts of the Seventh ward where most of this fraud was carried on there were only a few so-called blank ballots on which the voter made no choice for three-year term freeholder while in every other precinct in the city, there were anywhere from 35 to 50," Friedman said.

"In the Eighth precinct:, there were four blanks and two of those were soldier ballots and contained no freeholders' names. In the Ninth, there were two, both soldier ballots."

Judge Palmer interrupted Friedman to declare:

"That's not hard to understand. Whoever was taking care of the ballots saw to it there would be no blanks. That is perfectly obvious,"

Blames Boards

Friedman then charged members or the hoards of the disputed districts with “getting together” and working out what they would say in court.

"They knew we had discovered fraud' very early in this recount," Friedman charged. "They had plenty of time to get together and work this thing out and decide they would come into court and say they knew nothing about it. That's what they did when the court questioned them. I am convinced that everyone who participated in this activity of these boards has direct or indirect knowledge of this fraud,"

Palmer again interrupted Friedman to declare:

"I think that it is true beyond question because on the ballots I gave these members to mark, there were three or four markings which are identical with the fraudulent markings on the ballots examined here during the course of the hearing,"

Friedman continued his argument to state the "boxes in question smell to high Heaven and the odor permeates every vote contained in them." .

"The fraud we have shown in four of these districts and the substantial variations in the others is more than enough to challenge the election," Friedman said. "These boxes are rife and reek of fraud and the results of the districts are fraught with doubt and fraud and should be thrown out."

After Palmer asked that the districts which showed "substantial variation" be set aside, Judge Palmer defended the officers of those districts by declaring "it takes much concentration to be accurate after sitting 26 hours in a row."

Would Reject Votes

  "I urge that we have proven without question that because of the fraud, malconduct or corruption in the Sixth, Eighth and Ninth precincts of the Seventh ward and the Fifth precinct of the Fourth ward, and the substantial variations in the Fourth, Tenth and Twelfth districts of the Thirteenth ward, the Seventh district of the Eleventh ward, and the Second district of the Fourteenth ward, the votes in all these districts should be rejected."

Friedman then pointed out to the court that if all the votes were rejected and deducted from the six three-year term freeholder votes, the result would be: Burkett, 57,277; Farrell, 57,265; Molt, 57,111; Westcott, 56,858; Ciechanowski, 55,517, and Francesconi, 54,931.

“We contend, therefore, that Burkett and Farrell have majorities over Francesconi and Ciechanowski and that Molt continues to hold a majority over Westcott." Friedman said. "We ask that the court reject the results in these districts,  cancel the certificates of election to Francesconi and Ciechanowski and order that certificates be issued for Burkett and Farrell.”

 Most of Feinberg's argument was confined to a review of the testimony during the fraud hearing and a mathemetical calculation of the method, he claimed, for the vote to be adjusted because of the evidence of tampering. He also cited numerous laws which he contended were the basis for his argument: "all the voters of a district should not be disenfranchised because of illegal practices of some unknown person or persons."

"The cases are clear in holding that a district cannot be rejected in its entirely and the results of an election challenged unless the court is without a method of determining arithmetically that the election is changed," Feinberg said. 

 “There has been no evidence of illegal ballots being cast in this contest. The only evidence concerns something done after the votes were cast and of which the voter had no knowledge. I maintain that can not disfranchise all the votes."

 Feinberg claimed that after giving the losing candidates all the votes claimed for them and after taking away all the votes claimed to have been illegally given the incumbents, the county-wide results would be: Molt, 61,216; Ciechanowski, 59,571; Francesconi, 58,999; Farrell, 58,529; Burkett, 58,521, and Westcott, 58,126.


Camden Courier-Post * July 1, 1941
CRIPPLED CHILDREN TO ATTEND OUTING
100 Little Folks to Be Guests on Sgt. Ray Smith's Birthday

More than 100 crippled children from this vicinity will be entertained at the seventh annual Sgt. Ray Smith's crippled children's day and birthday party, next Monday.

The party, an annual affair, is staged by the Elks' crippled childrens committee and the Sgt. Ray's birthday party committee.

The youngsters will meet at the Elks Home, 808 Market street, and will be taken to Clementon Park in buses where Theodore Gibbs, manager of the park will throw open the entire facilities of the park for the crippled children, staging a special show in the after­noon. A luncheon will be served at the park by the committee.

At four o'clock the youngsters will be taken to the Silver Lake Inn where a special amateur show will be staged on the lawn by the crippled children themselves. A sports entertainment will be staged by Otto O'Keefe, of the Veteran Boxers Association of Philadelphia, then dinner arranged by John E. Weber, proprietor of the Silver Lake Inn. During the dinner hour the youngsters, will be entertained, by talent from Philadelphia and nearby night clubs, with Otto O'Keefe presenting the acts.

After the children's party, a dinner will be served in honor of Sgt. Ray Smith, on his 46th birth­day.

Officers of the Crippled Childrens Committee headed by Smith include Homer H. Lotier, treasurer, and A. Lincoln Michener, secretary. Mrs. Florence A. Lovett is executive secretary.

The party committee is headed by Carlton W. Rowand and Charles W. Anderson. Surrogate Frank B. Hanna is the treasurer. 

Those who have been invited to attend are Mayor George E. Brunner, Congressman Charles A. Wolverton, Prosecutor Samuel P. Orlando, Firmin Michel, Albert E. Burling, Albert Austermuhl, secretary of the Board of Education, George I. Shaw, Mary W. Kobus, director of Public Safety; Dr. Henry J. Schireson, Camden county freeholders Robert Worrell, Mrs. Alice Predmore, S. Norcross 3rd, members or Veterans of Foreign Wars of Camden County Council and many business men and civic leaders.

Ladies of the Elks' Auxiliary who will assist with the children throughout the day are: Mrs. Alice Heck, president; Mrs. Sarah Austermuhl, Mrs. Reba Crawford, Mrs. Emma Vandergrift, Mrs. Tillie Weber, Mrs. Helene Sauerhoff, Mrs. Anna Rose, Miss Emma Lee, Mrs. Sallie Moore, Mrs. Marion Holdcraft, Mrs. Etta Preisendanz, Mrs. Eva Poland, Mrs. Lena Jantzen, Mrs. May Talman and Mrs. Irene Berg.


Camden Courier-Post
July 1, 1941

Kaighn Avenue
South 4th Street


Camden Courier-Post - July 4, 1941

Playground Planned

To the Editor:  

I am, happy to inform mothers and fathers of the Sixth Ward that Commissioner Mary W. Kobus has assured me a playground is being planned for children of this ward, realizing their danger playing in the streets. I wish to thank Mrs. Kobus for her interest and am sure my neighborhood does.

HARRY W. BEACH
943 St. John Street, Camden


Camden Courier-Post * July 24, 1941

Cooper Street - Market Street - North 9th Street - Carpenter Street
Mary W. Kobus - Albert S. Woodruff 
Mrs. Sue K. Devenny - Joseph R. Hendricks - Mrs. Mary F. Hendricks
R.M. Hollingshead Corporation Fire


Camden Courier-Post - July 30, 1941

Edward Garrity - Mary W. Kobus - Dr. David S. Rhone - George W. Frost
Thirteenth Ward Republican Club
- Marian Garrity - Louis Street - Whitman Avenue

Camden Courier-Post - August 26, 1941

Henry Magin Laid to Rest By War Veteran Buddies
TRUCKS OF FLOWERS IN FUNERAL CORTEGE

Funeral services for City Commissioner Henry Magin were held today with his colleagues in official and veterans circles participating.

Services were conducted in city commission chambers on the second floor of city hall, in charge of Rev. Dr. W.W. Ridgeway, rector of St. Wilfrid's Episcopal Church.

The casket was carried by war veteran associates of the public works director, who died from a heart attack Friday. A color guard from the Veterans of Foreign Wars and the American Legion preceded the casket, followed by the four remaining members of the city commission, Mayor George Brunner and commissioners E. George Aaron, Mrs. Mary W. Kobus and Dr. David S. Rhone.

A guard of honor lined both sides of' city hall steps, 22 policemen on one side and 22 firemen on the other, representing Magin's age, 44 years.

Hundreds of men and women waited outside the building to pay their respects as the solemn procession filed by. Mayor Brunner had declared this morning a holiday for city employees. The casket was borne by Thomas Jackson and Samuel Magill, both past Legion commanders; Leon McCarty, past commander of August Walter Chapter, Disabled American Veterans; Richard Jermyn, past commander of Post 1270, Veterans of Foreign Wars; Benjamin P. Thomas, past captain of Sparrow Ship No. 1269. V. F. W.; and William Miller, past State commander, D. A. V.  

Three trucks were required to carry the floral pieces from the scene of the services to the National Cemetery at Beverly, where burial took place.  

An estimated 8000 persons from all walks of life paid their respects to the late official by viewing the body as it lay in state in the commission chambers.

The throng of mourners of Camden city and county was the largest to converge on a public building since the funeral of Fire Chief Charles Worthington, who was killed while fighting a fire almost 20 years ago. His body was placed on public view in the rotunda of the old county courthouse.

File Past Bier  

A continuous progression of people filed past the flag draped bier for more than three and one-half hours. Scores of Republicans and hundreds of Democrats joined in the tribute.

Services were conducted by Camden lodges of Elks and Moose. Military rites were conducted by the Fairview Post, American Legion, of which Magin was a founder and past commander. The tribute was led by Mitchell Halin, post commander, and C. Richard Allen, past department commander. 

James W. Conner, chief clerk of the city water bureau and past State Commander of the V.F.W., conducted rites at the grave.  

Mayor Brunner and Commissioners Kobus, Aaron, and Rhone came early and remained throughout the hours of viewing. Mrs. Helen Magin, the widow, and daughter Helen, attired in deep mourning, arrived shortly after 7:00 PM.

Embraces Widow, Daughter  

Commissioner Kobus, who knelt in prayer before the bier, arose and went over to Mrs. Magin and her daughter. Mrs. Kobus embraced and kissed the widow and daughter of the late commissioner. They were in tears.  

Three firemen and three policemen maintained a vigil as a guard of honor. They were Patrolmen Jack Kaighn, George Weber, and William Deery and Firemen Cramer Hill, Warren Carter and William Reed.

American Legion and V. F. W. members in uniform alternated as members of the military guard of honor. A detail of 50 policemen was under command of Acting Lieutenant John Garrity. Fifty firemen, under supervision of Deputy Chief Walter Mertz, assisted the patrolmen in handling the crowd, which at times choked the stairways leading to the second floor.

Freeholders Arrive  

Albert H. Molt, director of the Board of Freeholders and Freeholders John J. Tull, Oscar Moore, Ventorino Francesconi, Stanley Ciechanowski, Earl Armstrong and Emil J. McCall arrived shortly after 7:00 PM. Moore and Tull wore American Legion overseas caps. Albert S. Marvel, clerk of the board, accompanied the freeholders.

Employees of the various bureaus in the department of public works, headed by Commissioner Magin, came in delegations with the highway bureau having 150, the largest number.  

Frank A. Abbott, acting director of the department, accompanied by James P. Carr, superintendent of Streets; led the highway bureau employees. Abbott is deputy director of revenue and finance and first assistant to Mayor Brunner. He was named by Brunner as acting director until the City Commission elects Mr. Magin's successor.

County Clerk Frank J. Suttill, City Clerk Clay W. Reesman, Fire Chief John H. Lennox and James A. Howell, chief of the city electrical bureau, attended, as did Albert Austermuhl, secretary of the board of education. Every city department sent a floral piece.

Outstanding Floral Tribute

Outstanding among the floral tributes was a six-toot broken circle of varied flowers, an offering from Mayor Brunner and Commissioners Kobus, Aaron, andRhone.

A floral chair was sent by the Camden Police and Firemen’s Association. The word “Rest” was made up of flowers. The offering of the Veterans League of South Jersey, an organization formed by Commissioner Magin and of which he was the first president, was a large floral pillow.

The freeholders and county officials gave a large floral basket. Floral tributes came from the employees of the board of education, the RCA Manufacturing Company, the police and fire bureaus, Pyne Point Athletic Association, the Elks, Moose and several Democratic clubs.  

The floral tributes came in such numbers yesterday afternoon that Funeral Director Harry Leonard and his assistants could not find room for them in the commission chamber proper. They were banked on both sides, in the rear and over the casket.

Among prominent officials and citizens who came to pay their respects were Congressman Charles A. Wolverton and his son, Donnell, Assemblymen Joseph W. Cowgill and J. Frank Crawford, Sidney P. McCord, city comptroller, Thomas C. Schneider, president of Camden County Council No. 10, New Jersey Civil Service Association.

Others at Bier

Others were Sue Devinney, secretary to Mrs. Kobus; Fred S. Caperoon; Henry Aitken, city sealer of weights and measures, Horace R. Dixon, executive director of the Camden Housing Authority; George I. Shaw, vice president of the board of education.

Sgt. Ray Smith, chairman of the Elks Crippled Children Committee and commander of East Camden Post, V.F.W.; Albert Becker, commander of Camden County Post 126, Jewish War Veterans; Dr. Howard E. Primas and Wilbur F. Dobbins, members of the Camden Housing Authority; Postmaster Emma E. Hyland; Samuel E. Fulton, member of the Camden local assistance board.  

Also former Assemblyman Rocco Palese, former Freeholder Maurice Bart and wife, County Detective James Mulligan, Deputy City Clerk William D. Sayrs, Mary King, secretary to City Clerk Reesman, Charles W. Anderson and John W. Diehl Jr., former members of the housing authority, Walter P. Wolverton, chief clerk of the public works department; Thomas J. Kenney, Maurice Hertz, Isadore Hermann, chief of the city tax title bureau; S. Raymond Dobbs; acting chief of city property, John Oziekanski, building inspector, Harry Langebein, city assessor.

Oliver H. Bond, housing manager of Clement T. Branch Village; former Judge Joseph Varbalow, acting city counsel John J. Crean, assistant City Counsel Edward V. Martino, Paul Day, secretary of city board of assessors, former Assemblyman William T. Iszard, Harry Roye, district director of NYA; Victor J. Scharle and Martin Segal, Democratic and Republican registrars, respectively, of the Camden County permanent registration bureau.  

Mrs. Marian Garrity and Mrs. Mary F. Hendricks, vice chairman and secretary respectively, of the Republican City Committee; Dr, Ethan A. Lang and Dr. Richard P. Bowman, members of the board of education; Edward J. Borden, Carl Kisselman, Harry A. Kelleher, Samuel T. French Sr., former Freeholder Walter Budniak, Coroner Paul R. Rilatt, County Treasurer Edward J. Kelleher, William Shepp, of the city legal bureau, Marie Carr, stenographer, mayor's office; Samuel T. French Jr., member, board of education.

Also John C. Trainor, member of the Camden County Board of Elections; Antonio Mecca, funeral director; Alexander Feinberg, solicitor of the housing authority, former Freeholder John T. Hanson, Sterling Parker and Paul Reihman, member of the county park commission.  

James O’Brien, commander of the Camden Disabled American Veterans, was in charge of services by veterans at the cemetery. Former Freeholder Edward J. Quinlan, county vice-commander of the American Legion, directed last night memorial services and was in charge of the firing squad at the grave.  


Camden Times - August 29, 1941

Funeral services for City Commissioner Henry Magin were held Tuesday, with many officials and colleagues in veteran's and fraternal circles participating.

Commissioner Magin, who was 44, and head of the Public Works Department of Camden, died suddenly Friday, just as he had finished talking to an official. As he fell he was caught in the arms of James Carr, of the Highway Department.

Services were conducted in the city commission chambers of the City Hall, and were in the charge of Rev. Dr. W. W. Ridgeway, pastor of St. Wilfred's Episcopal Church, Westfield Avenue and Dudley Streets, East Camden.

Fully 8,000 persons viewed the remains Monday night as the body lay in state in the City Hall, and Mayor Brunner gave a half holiday to all city employees so they could attend the funeral service.

Magin was a veteran of the World War and was injured during action on the other side.

The casket was carried by war veteran associates of the public works director, who died from a heart attack Friday. A color guard from the Veterans of Foreign Wars and the American Legion preceded the casket, followed by the four remaining members of the city commission, Mayor George E. Brunner and Commissioners E. George Aaron, Mrs. Mary W. Kobus and David S. Rhone.

A guard of honor lined both sides of City Hall steps, 22 policemen on one side and 22 firemen on the other, representing Magin's age, 44 years.

Interment was made in the National Cemetery, at Beverly, N.J. Harry Leonard, 2750 Federal Street, had charge of the funeral..


Camden
Courier-Post

September 17, 1941

Mrs. Mary W. Kobus,. Camden City Commissioner and Director of Public Safety, is happy in her office in Camden City Hall after she is sure that her “Good Government” ticket went way out in front at the polls.


Camden Courier-Post - September 17, 1941

Hats 'Boss' Kobus Wears, Much Like Queen Mary's

The political boss of Camden is a motherly, gray-haired woman who wears hats like those effected by Queen Mary of England.

Nevertheless, and in spite of the fact that she denies it vehemently, Mrs. Mary W. Kobus, Camden's Director of Public Safety and president of its Board of Education, is one of the shrewdest politicians in New Jersey and in no small degree responsible for the victory of the "Good Government" slate in yesterday's primaries.          

"Naturally I'm very much pleased with the results of the election," she said today at her office in Camden City Hall. "I'm particularly pleased because it en­gendered no bitterness. Primary fights are always dangerous for that reason. The fact that there was no bitterness this time augurs well for the success of the party in the November elections."

Interested in Wallace

"I'm naturally interested in the career of Bruce Wallace because he's been with me ever since I entered politics and even before that." Wallace was nominated for State Senator by Mrs. Kobus' partisans .

He is a member of the Delaware River Joint Commission and was a member of the South Jersey Law School class from which Mrs. Kobus was graduated in 1930.

"I got interested in politics accidentally, son," she continued.

All men are “son" to her. The police and firemen are her "boys," and her interest in the welfare of Camden is real and quite apart from any political ambitions she may have. The two have always seemed to jibe. 

Likes Welfare Work

"You know I always have been interested in welfare work and people. I knew nothing of the mechanics of politics then. In 1935 there seemed to be some anxiety on the part of some people to change our form of city government.             .

"Now mind you, I'm not a publicity hound. I don't make good copy," she said, interrupting her­self. "If we've won this primary, it's none of my doing. It is the work of all the loyal men and women who strove so hard that made this election a success.

"It seems that the women wanted some representation in city government. Specifically, they hoped to elect a Commissioner. I guess they just said eeny-meeny­miny-mo-and I was it."

Since those days, Mrs. Kobus has built up a political machine that is sometimes nothing short of terrifying to the regular Republican steamroller in Camden County. It is more than coincidence, too, that her machine has benefited the city of Camden.

A single instance should illustrate the shrewdness which Mrs. Kobus brings to her job. A certain fire engine had reported being at a certain spot one day. It was generally believed it was somewhere else. Mrs. Kobus went down to the fire house and poked around the truck: On the rear step she found five small stones.

The stones were nothing like what was to be found in the neigh­borhood and to her they indicated one of two things- either the truck had not been cleaned for some time, or the stones had been picked up when the truck was somewhere it shouldn't have been. The firemen broke down arid confessed she was right. They got a gentle reprimand and the stones now are kept in her desk as a memento of her amateur detective work.

As Director of Public Safety and President of the Board of Education, Mrs. Kobus controls the police and fire departments, the city clerk's office, police court, the excise board, the municipal motor transportation bureau, the detective bureau and the bureau of charities. She is chairman of the police and firemen's pension funds and is also fire marshal.

She is also regent of the Cam­den District Parochial Parent Teachers Association and once taught school. She is a member of the Business and Professional Women's Club. She is, as well, the only woman member of the Inter­national Association of Police Chiefs and attends all of the association's conventions.

Mrs. Kobus was one of the five original organizers of the Camden County Chapter of the American Red Cross and she is a member of the board of directors of West Jersey Homeopathic Hospital.

Handled Strike

She is famous for her handling of the strike at the New York Shipbuilding Company yards several years ago.

During the disastrous Hollingshead fire, she got no sleep for almost 72 hours. She was not merely on the scene, directing activities, but she administered first aid personally, visited the homes of victims and tore around in a frenzy of activity that soon had the rescue work well organized.

She is particularly proud of the fact that her popularity enabled her to bring aid from as far as Harrisburg.

Mrs. Kobus' day begins at 9 A. M. It should end at 5 P. M.

It never does.             ,

Mrs. Kobus' father was one of Camden's original settlers. He ran a coal yard. Her husband owned one of Camden's first shoe stores. He died two years ago. She now lives with a sister, Mrs. Anna Connor, at 429 Haddon Avenue

For relaxation Mrs. Kobus goes in for movie photography.


Camden High School
1942 Purple & Gold Yearbook
 

BOARD OF EDUCATION

DR. ETHAN A. LANG
President
DR. HENRY WISNIEWSKI
Vice-President
ALBERT AUSTERMUHL Secretary
MRS.
MARY W. KOBUS
MRS.
ALICE KLINE PREDMORE
DR. RICHARD BOWMAN
SAMUEL T. FRENCH
BENJAMIN MACKLER
ALBERT E. OSMOND
RUSSELL L. WELDY
DR. LEON N. NEULEN
Superintendent of Schools
ALFRED L. DUDLEY
Superintendent of Supplies
RAYMOND G. PRICE
Supervisor of Janitors and Buildings

Click on Image to Enlarge


Trenton Times * February 27, 1942
Click on Image to Enlarge

Mary Kobus - George Frost - Rocco Palese - David S. Rhone - Henry Magin James J. Mulligan

Mary and Joseph Kobus lived at 429 Haddon Avenue
(the right-hand part of the twin home pictured below)
Photo of 431 & 429 Haddon Avenue taken June 15, 2003

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