WASHINGTON BUCHANAN was born around 1838 in Pennsylvania to Henry C. and
Catherine Buchanan. There was at least one other child in the family, an
older brother named William. The family lived in Philadelphia. Henry C.
Buchanan was a rigger by trade. Catherine Buchanan passed away around
1841. Henry C. Buchanan later remarried.
When the census was taken in 1860 Henry Washington Buchanan had taken up the printer's trade. He was single then but would soon wed as the Civil War began. He married Sarah Wooldridge who sadly passed in 1862.
Henry Washington Buchanan enlisted in the Union Army as a Private on August 23, 1861, as a member of Company C, 71st Infantry Regiment Pennsylvania (also known as the 71st Pennsylvania Volunteer Infantry or simply the 71st Pennsylvania Volunteers). He was slightly wounded at the Battle of Antietam in 1862, but made a full recovery. Henry Buchanan was promoted to Full Corporal on or around November 15, 1862, and to Full Sergeant on March 1, 1863. After three years service, he mustered out of Company C, 71st Infantry Regiment Pennsylvania on July 2, 1864 in Philadelphia PA, one of only 153 of the original 2200 men who enlisted in 1861 to serve the entire three years.
During Sergeant Buchanan's time in service he also fought at the Battle of Gettysburg. His unit, Company C, 71st Pennsylvania Volunteers was the company just to the right of the 69th Pennsylvania at the Angle at Gettysburg. This is the site of Confederate General Armistead's breakthrough. It is known that Sergeant Buchanan was at Gettysburg, but there is not documentation that he was at the Angle, although it is probable. Later he was wounded during the battles at The Wilderness.
Below is the full regimental History of the 71st Pennsylvania Volunteers
Henry Washington Buchanan returned to Philadelphia and the printers trade. He again married, his wife the former Catherine Sweeton, bearing as son Henry Washington Jr. in 1869. Benjamin F. followed in 1871, and William G. in 1876. The Buchanans were living at 208 Godfrey Street in Philadelphia ant the time of the 1880 Census. By 1889 they had moved to Camden NJ.
Camden City Directories show the Henry Buchanan family at 231 Linden Street in the 1888-1889 edition, 338 Federal Street in the 1890 edition, 321 Mickle Street in editions from 1891 through 1894, and at 537 West Street in 1897 and in 1900. He worked as a printer throughout these period.
On October 12, 1902 he passed away at age 64 while living at Third Street and Elm Avenue in Merchantville NJ, the residence of his son, William G. Buchanan. He had been a member of the 71st Pennsylvania Survivor's Organization.
Henry Washington Buchanan is buried in Harleigh Cemetery with his second wife Catherine Sweeton and his youngest son William G. Buchanan and William's wife Blanche Lee. They are in the Summit section, Lot 284.
courtesy of Dan Cashin
1.Henry C. Buchanan 1806 - before 1862
2. William G. Buchanan 1831 - 1905 Pa/Pa
3. Henry W. Jr. 8/1868 - 1930+ Pa Printer
4. Francis Henry 9/19/1892 -
2/1986 Pa/NJ Woodcarver/Oaklyn
5. Harry W.
4/7/1915 - 8/2/2001 NJ Woodbury
4. Helen M. 12/22/1899 -
2/1982 NJ RR steno/Moorestown
5. Clarence 1923 NJ
3. Benjamin F. 3/1871 - 1913? Pa/NJ
4. Harry 4/28/1904 - 1920+
3. William G. 1876 - 2/24/1973 Pa Accountant - Pennsylvania Railroad & Freihofer's
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