HOLLINGSHEAD HATCH was born in 1835,
the son of George G. Hatch who died in Portsmouth, Virginia in 1842
leaving Charles and his two siblings without a father. Charles's
mother was Elizabeth Champion from Waterford Township. Gloucester
County, and it was to the Champion family that the widow Hatch and her
Champions' were farmers and young Charles became a farmer and
continued to work on his Uncle Benjamin Champion's farm. In his later
teens he went to live for a while in Philadelphia with other family
members, and at the outbreak of the Civil War in early 1861 joined a Company formed in Philadelphia but was
Returning to his home in Camden, he followed his cousin William
Browning Hatch, enlisting on October 24, 1861 as a Private in Company
Infantry Regiment New Jersey Volunteers
and quickly rose in
rank. Charles to
Second Lieutenant, and William
ultimately to full Colonel, in command of the Regiment. Charles Hatch
was promoted to Full Sergeant Major on October 18, 1861 and to
Second Lieutenant with Company H on November 4, 1861.
Their regiment became part of the Grand Army of the Republic defending
first Washington DC and then taking part in the Peninsula Campaign to
wrest Richmond, then the capital of the Confederacy, from the Rebel
forces. Then fought their way up from the mouth of the James River to
within several miles of Richmond but the tides of war turned and they
were overwhelmed by Lee's forces. The Fourth New Jersey
fought on June
27, 1862 at Gaines Farm, VA, a battle also referred to as Gaines'
Mill. During the battle of Gaines' Mill, Lieutenant Hatch was wounded and escaped taking shelter in
a nearby farm house. This farm house was at one time used by General
Some three days after the fight at Gaines' Mill, Confederate soldiers
captured a wounded, shot in the hip, Charles Hatch. His cousin,
Lieutenant Colonel William B.
also been captured, as was a Private from Company I, Woodrow
Hughes. They were transported to Richmond for imprisonment
in the infamous Libby prison. Other prisoners from Company H included Thomas
Grapevine and Joshua
a relatively brief period of captivity, the two cousins and most
of the other prisoners from the 4th
Infantry Regiment New Jersey Volunteers were exchanged for
Confederate prisoners and returned
to their regiment. Charles Hatch's wound, however, rendered him unable
to serve and he was
eventually honorably discharged to a doctor's care in Camden. He
resigned his commission on September 3, 1862. His unit carried
him on the roster through the end of the war, however.
B. Hatch was promoted to full Colonel and took command of the
Fourth New Jersey in late August, 1862. He led the regiment at Fredericksburg in
December 1862 and during the battle of Marye's Heights was fatally
wounded. Colonel Hatch was returned and interred in Evergreen Cemetery where a
monument to his service to the Union was erected.
Charles Hatch returned to civilian life.
Still suffering from
the effects of his wound, he never returned to full health, and began
collecting his Civil War disability pension in 1871. For a short time he served as a Magistrate in Mays
Landing until a stroke left him further disabled. His first wife
Margaret "Mary" Woolf of Philadelphia died shortly after giving birth to a
son Thomas. In 1890 he was living at 855 North 2nd Street in
Philadelphia PA. Eventually he remarried Elizabeth Cruickshank and remained
in Philadelphia living on a small disability pension and spending some
time in the New Jersey Home for Disabled Soldiers Home in Kearny, New
Jersey, where he was living at the time of the 1900 census.
after having been returned to his home in Philadelphia, his health
rapidly sinking, he died.
Hatch along with his second wife was buried in Evergreen
Cemetery, near many other members of the Hatch extended
cousin, Joseph Champion, also served in the Union army during
the Civil War.