STAFF SERGEANT ALLEN H. MIDDLETON was born on September 16, 1918 to Horace Cooper MIDDLETON and Adeline SCHULLE Middleton. His father had served in World War I as a private in Company F, 60th Infantry Regiment, 9th Infantry Division and was a former employee of the Philadelphia Bulletin and the New York Shipbuilding Corporation. The oldest of eight children, he was a 1936 graduate of Woodrow Wilson High School, in Camden NJ. A fine athlete, he played on the Camden Eagles baseball team. The family lived at 808 Penn Street, in Camden NJ. Allen Middleton had worked at the Kieckhofer box factory in the Delair section of Pennsauken NJ before he enlisted in the Army.
Allen Middleton enlisted in the Army on December 8, 1941- the day after Pearl Harbor. He qualified for flight duty, and served as a radio operator and gunner in the 324th Bomber Squadron, 91st Bomber Group, flying in a B-17 Flying Fortress bomber.
A charter member of the 324th Bomber Squadron, he was wounded on the third mission, a raid against the submarine pens at St. Nazaire, France on November 8, 1943. He spent four months in a hospital in England. For actions on this raid, he had received the Purple Heart, Silver Star, and the Distinguished Service Medal.
Shortly after returning to active duty, Staff Sergeant Allen Middleton was killed in action when his plane was hit by a 20mm shell during another raid on St. Nazaire, on February 16, 1943. His father had been stationed there for a time during the First World War.
Allen Middleton was brought home after the war, and he was buried at Beverly National Cemetery in Beverly NJ, on July 23, 1948. He now rests near his father and his mother. He was survived by his parents and siblings, Jeanne MIDDLETON, Roland MIDDLETON, Marion MIDDLETON, Dolores MIDDLETON, Richard MIDDLETON, Harry MIDDLETON, and William MIDDLETON. His death was reported in the March 6, 1943 edition of the Camden Courier-Post.
60 Years Ago from the Official Dailies of the 91st Bombardment Group (H
November 7, 1942 (Saturday)
91st Group participated in its first operational mission against the
enemy today. The target was Brest. Only two squadrons,
the 322nd and 324th, furnished aircraft for this target. The
91st was one of three groups to participate. Fourteen aircraft
were dispatched. A briefing was held shortly before 5 a. m.
and the planes took off between ten-twenty and ten-thirty. Of
the 14 dispatched, six returned early because of gun and other
mechanical failures. The results of the bombing were
difficult to observe because of heavy broken cloud formations over
the target. Eight aircraft dropped 80 x 500 lbs. GP bombs,
and preliminary reports indicate that at least a good many of these
were in the general vicinity of thee aiming point. All aircraft returned
to this base without loss and the Group was very fortunate in that
no casualties were suffered. Several enemy aircraft were seen, some
of which made desultory attacks upon the formation. Several of our aircraft
suffered minor battle damage. Claims against enemy aircraft are
one destroyed, two probably destroyed, and none damaged. The 323rd and
401st Squadrons were scheduled to fly a practice mission, which
took place according to schedule. Chemical Warfare and some other classes
were held for ground personnel and combat crews not flying. However,
the general excitement resulting from this first operational sortie
reduced attendance at these classes to a small fraction of what it
should have been.
The success of today's mission and the general improvement in the weather have contributed to raise the morale of the personnel of this station above its usual high plane.
323rd Squadron Daily
323RD BOMBARDMENT, STATION 121 November 1942 PREPARED BY Capt. Alexander H. Bright
Col. Stanley T. Wray, Group Commander, was leader of this Mission. Results:
Because of scattered clouds, which partly obscured visibility of
target, the results were not observed. However, photographs of the
targets reveal that considerable damage was done.
November 8, 1942
The second operational mission of the 91st Group was flown today. This mission was somewhat different than that of yesterday. The 91st Group made a single-handed diversion attack upon the enemy airdrome at Abbeville, while the other groups carried out the main attack upon Lille. The briefing for the mission took place at seven-forty-five, and the 15 aircraft took off shortly after one o'clock. Of this number, five returned early for gun and other mechanical failures. The ten aircraft which attacked the target were escorted by five squadrons of Spitfires. During the course of the attack, all of our aircraft received some battle damage. Two received severe damage and had to be sent to the service squadron for extensive repairs. 100 x 500 lb. GP bombs were dropped and many hits were observed by combat crew members on the aiming point. The results of the bombing were very good. The following is a list of the casualties suffered by the Group:
Haley W. Aycock, Capt, Pilot, Serious Wound-401 B. Sq.
Everett L. Clinard, 2nd Lt, Navigator, Serious Wound-323 B. Sq.
Lyle G. Karnath, 2nd Lt, Bombardier, Serious Wound- 323 B. Sq.
Maurice W. Knutson, S/Sgt, R.W G.,Serious Wound-324 B. Sq.
Jerald H. Jones, Sgt, L.W.G., Slight Wound-324 B. Sq.
(R.W.G. = Right Waist Gunner; L.W.G. = Left Waist Gunner)
ground school classes were cancelled during the day so that there would
be nothing to interfere with the mission. During the day 25 members
of the Junior W.A.A.F. visited the station. They arrived in time to
see the aircraft scheduled for the mission leave the dispersal
areas and take off. After the take-off they were invited to have
lunch at the senior officers' mess, which they all enjoyed. After
lunch they were conducted on a tour of the station and were permitted
to go through the hangars and some of the aircraft on the line.
All of them thoroughly enjoyed their visit and a letter of thanks was
delivered to Col. Wray on their behalf. In compliance with
Memorandum 75-7, Headquarters 8AF, dated 11 July 1942, all enlisted
men now serving as members of combat crews were promoted to the grade
The 91st Group participated in a medium-level bombing attack on submarine pens at St. Nazaire, France. The tactics employed were somewhat different from those flown previously. The Group flew most of the mission at an altitude of approximately 500 feet, climbing to between 8,000 and 9,000 feet just in time to commence the bombing run at that altitude. Another formation of approximately 21 aircraft flew the entire mission at between 20,000 and 22,000 ft. The object of the low-altitude mission by the 91st Group was to surprise German RDF installations, but there is some question as to whether this object was accomplished. However, some of the combat crews report that the German anti-aircraft gunners were fooled and that when the bombing run was begun by the group's formation they were flashing recognition signals at the formation. This indicates that they were not certain of the identity of the aircraft of this Group until after the bombing run had been begun. The attack was very successful and many hits were observed in the target area. Fourteen aircraft were dispatched on this mission, only two of which failed to attack the target. 65 x 1,000 lb. GP bombs were dropped. The formation took off at approximately 1015 hours and was over the target at approximately 1400 hours. This is the first operational mission in which aircraft from all four squadrons participated. All but one of the aircraft participating in this mission received considerable battle damage. Following is the list of casualties:
Robert B. Bowcock,2nd Lt,Navigator,Slight Wound 322 B. Sq.
B. Briglia, 2nd Lt, Bombardier KIA
323 B. Sq.
16 February 1943
night the 91st Group was alerted to prepare for another mission to St.
Preparations for the mission were completed early in the morning.
The combat crews were awakened at 0345 hours, and briefing was held at
0430 hours. Eighteen aircraft of the Group took off at 0830 hours and
bombed the target just before 1100 hours. Weather conditions were ideal
throughout the entire mission. A few low clouds were encountered over
the English Channel and over the northern coast of France, but
visibility was unlimited over practically all of England and in the
whole of the target area. Five aircraft of the 91st Group returned early
because of mechanical failures, but the remaining 13 flew on and dropped
twelve 1,000-pound bombs with more devastating effect than they had on
almost any previous mission. At least six bombs from the 91st formation
fell within 50 feel of the pinpoint target and additional bombs fell
within a circle of 1,000 feet in radius.
heavy anti-aircraft fire was experienced in the target area and one
aircraft received major battle damage and seven received sight battle
damage. Attacks were also carried out by between 25 and 30 enemy
aircraft, but fortunately a majority of these were concentrated upon the
other three groups attacking the same target. The 91st Group was
credited with officially destroying five enemy aircraft and probably
destroying two others. Lieutenant Brill, of the 324th Squadron, was the
only aircraft in the 91st formation to receive any consistent attacks.
Staff Sergeant Middleton, who was killed in action, was the only serious
casualty of the group. Two other combat crewmembers of the Group were
wounded during the mission. It was indeed a lucky day for the 91st
formation, inasmuch as each of the other three groups lost two aircraft
during this mission.
The return of the Group formation to Bassingbourn was accomplished without any difficulty whatever, and all aircraft returned together at approximately 1400 hours. All combat crews who completed the mission reported that it could have been much worse, especially in view of the punishment, which was inflicted upon the other three groups. The consensus of the officers who participated in the mission was that the tight formation maintained by the 91st aircraft was responsible for the fact that the German fighter pilots made only seven attacks on the Group during the course of the entire mission. They reported that several of the aircraft, which were shot down, became easy victims of attack when they straggled from their formations. Combat crewmembers also reported that this was the first time during which they observed German fighter aircraft using aerial bombs against Fortress formations. The fighter escort which was supposed to have accompanied the bombers during this mission either failed to meet its appointed rendezvous or else these fighters remained so far in the distance that they were not observed by the participating combat crew members. The success enjoyed by the Group on this mission went a long was towards boosting the morale of practically everyone out of the depression into which it had fallen during the past ten days. The combat crews were enthusiastic about the success, which they had attained on the mission and the ground personnel were soon to catch the infection of this wholesome reaction.
July 21, 1943
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