William
Joyce
Sewell






William Joyce Sewell was born on December 6, 1835 in Ireland. Orphaned at a young age, he emigrated to the United States in 1851. He was for a time employed in mercantile business in New York City, made several voyages as a sailor on merchant vessels, afterward engaged in business in Chicago IL. He moved to Camden NJ in 1860.

When the Civil War started, William Joyce Sewell raised a company of Volunteers, and was commissioned Captain and commander of Company C, 5th New Jersey Volunteer Infantry. He fought with his regiment in the Peninsular Campaign and at the Second Battle of Bull Run, and had been promoted to Lieutenant Colonel in July 1862. When the 5th New Jersey’s commander, Colonel Samuel H. Starr, was recalled in October 1862 from volunteer service back to the Regular Army, William Sewell became commander of the regiment and was promoted Colonel in January 1863 (on the recommendation of Colonel Starr himself). 

Colonel Sewell led the unit at the May 1863 Battle of Chancellorsville, where he would render his most distinguished service of the War. In the heavy fight along the Plank Road, the 5th New Jersey’s brigade commander, Brig. General Gershom Mott, was severely wounded and had to leave the field. His brigade and other elements started to retreat, but Colonel Sewell, now in command of the brigade, rallied them around the brigade colors and successfully led a counterattack. Although wounded himself, he held his position, fending off several more attacks before his unsupported troops, out of ammunition, had to retreat. His bravery in rallying his men would win him the Congressional Medal of Honor 33 years later.

William Joyce Sewell would recover sufficiently from his wounds to be in command of the 5th New Jersey during the Gettysburg Campaign. On the second day of that great Battle, July 2, 1863 his unit was at first posted in the Trostle Woods with the rest of his brigade. When it became apparent that the Army of the Potomac’s III Corps line, dangerously extended to the Emmitsburg Road, needed re-enforcement, Colonel Sewell’s regiment was detached and sent to Emmitsburg Road in between the Rogers and Klingel Farm Houses. Late in the afternoon the regiment absorbed the first attacks by Confederate General Cadmus Wilcox's brigade, holding their position until driven back, and stopping to support Lieutenant Francis W. Seeley's Battery K, 4th United States Regular Artillery in front of the Klingel House. Here Colonel Sewell’s command took a great pounding from Confederate counter-battery fire, as well as pressure from Rebel troops to their front and left. Finally the 5th NJ was ordered to withdraw, and Colonel Sewell was again severely wounded.

William Joyce Sewell would not be able to rejoin his regiment for some time afterwards, but was sufficiently recovered to lead the unit during the Wilderness campaign. In that last battle fatigue and his wounds got the better of him, and he left the regiment, eventually resigning in July 1864 due to his ill health. Two months later his services were again called upon, and he was appointed as Colonel and commander of the newly raised 38th New Jersey Volunteer Infantry. He commanded his new unit, which mostly saw only garrison duty along the James River, until its muster out in July 1865. On March 13, 1865 he was brevetted Brigadier General, US Volunteers for “gallant and meritorious services at the Battle of Chancellorsville, Va.” and Major General, US Volunteers for “gallant and meritorious services during the war”.

After the war William Joyce Sewell returned to Camden, where he would make his home for the rest of his days. He built a large home at 500 Linden Streets, which was converted into a private hospital after he passed away. 

William Joyce Sewell became a powerful railroad executive and a power broker within New Jersey state politics. He was vice-president of the West Jersey Railroad, and held interest in the Camden and Amboy Railroad Company and the Camden and Atlantic Railroad Companies. He was a director of the Camden & Philadelphia Steamship Ferry Company, the Camden Safe Deposit & Trust Company, and the West Jersey Mutual Insurance Company. He also servced as president of the West Jersey Ferry corporation.

In 1889, a syndicate composed Sewell, Edward Ambler Armstrong, and real estate promoters Edward C. Knight and Edward N. Cohn, purchased the Camden Horse Railroad Company and converted the entire line to electricity. A year later, they extended the electric trolley line along Federal Street to Wrightsville, providing a major step towards the development of the agricultural area of Stockton Township, which is present day East Camden. With Samuel H. French he was an officer of the Stockton Rifle Range, which evolved into the ninety acre Stockton Park.

William Joyce Sewell developed neighborhoods in Camden, Cape May, and Gloucester counties- the Sewell section of Washington Township bearing his name.

He was the dominant figure politically in Camden, his protege, David Baird Sr., taking care of things locally while Sewell was in Trenton and Washington. William Joyce Sewell served in the New Jersey State Senate from 1872 to 1880, being its President from 1876 to 1880. 

In 1881 William Joyce Sewell was elected as a Senator from New Jersey in the United States Senate, serving from 1881 to 1887. During his first term as a senator chairman, he sat on the Committee on Enrolled Bills (Forty-seventh and Forty-eighth Congresses), Committee on Military Affairs (Forty-ninth Congress), Committee on the Library (Forty-ninth Congress). He was defeated in his re-election bid in 1887, and in subsequent bids in 1889 and 1893. 

During his time out of office he remained in public life as one of the national commissioners for New Jersey to the World’s Columbian Exposition in Chicago in 1893. He was in command of the Second Brigade of the National Guard of New Jersey, and was appointed a member of the Board of Managers of the National Home for Disabled Volunteer Soldiers. He also was one of New Jersey’s Gettysburg Monument Battlefield Commissioners.

In 1895 William Joyce Sewell once again was elected to the Senate, and was the chairman, Committee on Enrolled Bills (Fifty-fourth through Fifty-seventh Congresses). On March 25, 1896 he was awarded the Congressional Medal of Honor.

William Joyce Sewell's Congressional Medal of Honor citation reads: “Assuming command of a brigade, he rallied around his colors a mass of men from other regiments and fought these troops with great brilliancy through several hours of desperate conflict, remaining in command though wounded and inspiring them by his presence and the gallantry of his personal example”. His Medal was issued on March 25, 1896. He was the only New Jersey officer to be awarded the Congressional Medal of Honor while in command of a New Jersey regiment during the Civil War. In the Gettysburg National Military Park, his name is inscribed on the 5th New Jersey Infantry Monument, located on Emmitsburg Road just south of the Rogers Farm site. 

William Joyce Sewell served as a Brigadier General in the New Jersey National Guard.  When the Spanish-American War broke out in 1898, he was appointed as Major General of Volunteers by President William McKinley, but he declined the commission, which would have forced him resign his Senate seat. 

William Joyce Sewell died on December 27, 1901. He was buried in the Spring Grove section of Harleigh Cemetery in  Camden, NJ. His grave is decorated with a Celtic Cross designed by Alexander Sterling Calder.

Bellevue Hospital, occupying the former home of the late U.S. Senator William Joyce Sewell, at Fifth and Linden Streets, was opened on March 1, 1921 by Dr. J. Lynn Mahaffey and Dr. E.R. Schall, as a private hospital.

Sewell Street, in East Camden, was named in his honor.


Philadelphia Inquirer - April 16, 1884

Abraham Browning - Marmaduke B. Taylor - Maurice Browning
William Laferty - Samuel H. Grey - Edward Shubrick
Jesse W. Starr - Joseph Fearon -
William Joyce Sewell
Dr. Henry Genet Taylor - James H. Carpenter
Henry C. Alexander - Robert F.S. Heath
Wilson H. Jenkins - Nathan Cowan - Harry Humphreys
E.H. King -
St. Paul's Episcopal Church


Philadelphia Inquirer - May 30, 1885
Click on Image to Enlarge
John Evans - Hatch Post No. 37, G.A.R. - William J. Sewell - Matilda Scholl  
Dr. Henry H. Davis - West Jersey Railroad - S.S. Westernland - Atlantic Avenue 

Philadelphia Inquirer - January 16, 1888

William J. Browning - Maurice A. Rogers - D. Cooper Carman
William J. Sewell - J. Willard Morgan - Adam Clark Smith
John Harris - W.B.E. Miller -
Frederick A. Rex
John Campbell Jr. -
Mahlon F. Ivins Sr. - Isaac Githens
E.A. Armstrong - Rev. Maurice Bronson
Col. A. Lowden Snowden -
Preston B. Plumb


Camden Post - June 22, 1888

Philadelphia Inquirer - August 3, 1889
J. Willard Morgan - William Joyce Sewell - William J. Browning
Christopher A. Bergen - E.A. Armstrong

Philadelphia Inquirer
September 4, 1889

James Ware
J. Willard Morgan
William Joyce Sewell
Stockton Park


Philadelphia Inquirer
January 14, 1890

Kaighn's Point Ferry Company
Herbert C. Felton
West Jersey Title & Guarantee Company
Samuel H. Grey -
John J. Burleigh 
William Casselman - D. Somers Risley
William J. Sewell - Peter L. Voorhees
William S. Scull - E.N. Cohn
Franklin C. Woolman -
Thomas E. French
Alexander C. Wood
Camden Heating & Lighting Company
E.A. Armstrong - J.E. Roberts
George Barrett -
J. Willard Morgan
William T. Bailey - David Baird Sr.
Howard M. Cooper - Rene Gillon


Philadelphia Inquirer - June 10, 1891


Philadelphia Inquirer - June 29, 1891

Robert F. Smith
John A. Furey
Arthur Bedell
Andrew Rabeau
Col. Daniel B. Murphy
Gen. William J. Sewell
Frank Ford Patterson Sr.
Frank Ford Patterson Jr.
John Fort
Daniel A. Carter
U.G. Styron
Wallace Armstrong
Joseph W. Cooper
C.C. Reeve
Frank S. Heister
Fred Newton
Frank L. Vinton
Howard Pine
Richard Evans
Judge Alfred Hugg
Judge Thomas McDowell
James S. Henry
William Sexton
John Smith Jr.
Charles Bosch
W.H. Fredericks

Click on Image to Enlarge



Philadelphia Inquirer April 28, 1895

 

William Joyce Sewell
Harrison H. Voorhees
James R. Carson
Andrew Blair Frazee
William C. Dayton
Martin J. O'Brien
Maggie Longworth
South 3rd Street
Royden Street

Church of the
Immaculate Conception

Martin Coyne
John M. Kelly
Francis X. O'Brien
Charles Livingstone
Ferry Avenue
Fillmore Street
John Foster
Samuel Dodd
Legion of the Red Cross
Harry B. Paul
Howland Croft
Oliver M. Smith
Mary A. Gregory
Mickle Street
Rev. J.B. Graw


Philadelphia Inquirer
October 6, 1895

John Cherry
Isaac Coles
Henry S. Scovel
Louis DeRousse
Frank T. Lloyd

 


Philadelphia Inquirer - October 11, 1895
...continued...
William Joyce Sewell
David Baird Sr.
J. WIllard Morgan
Thaddeus P. Varney
Robert Barber
J. Wesley Sell
Frank T. Lloyd
Thomas P. Curley
William A. Husted
William D. Brown
Arthur Bedell
Maurce A. Rogers
George Pfeiffer Jr.
Henry J. West
William Bettle
Louis T. DeRousse
Col. George Felton
Amos Richard Dease
Theodore B. Gibbs
William Barnard
...continued...

Philadelphia Inquirer * November 13, 1895

William Joyce Sewell - John R. McPhersonWilliam J. Browning - George S. West Harry C. Sharp  - Walter Phillips - Christopher J. Mines Jr. - Thaddeus P. Varney Charles Sayrs - J.O. Smith - Jesse Carey - Joseph Bromley - William White


Philadelphia Inquirer - January 24, 1900

J. Willard Morgan - William Joyce Sewell - David Baird Sr.
J.J. Burleigh - Col. A. Louden Snowden - Joseph P. McCall
L.B. Byers - James E. Hays - A. Seche 

Philadelphia Inquirer - March 25, 1900

William Joyce Sewell - E.A. Armstrong - Harry B. Paul - H.J. Rumrille - George E. Boyer - Lizzie B. Koehler
Elizabeth Read - William Schellenger - William Swindell - Sarah Mumford - Florence Ivins
Rev. Joseph Garrison - W.A. Springer - North 5th Street - Cooper Street - Locust Street - Asbury M.E. Church


Thanks to Russ Dodge for compiling much of the biography.

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