SIDNEY STEINBERG came to the United States from the Utena, Lithuania in 1930, with his brother Murray. He was a devout Jewish young man who studied the Talmud. His papers stated that he was 16 and a Lithuanian named Ovsejus Sarfsteinas. The Steinberg family eventually settled in Massachusetts near Worcester.
Shortly after his arrival in the USA he got a job working for a man named Ostrow who was a communist. Ostrow made a great impression on the 16 year-old youth, who knew nothing about Democracy and believed that what Ostrow taught him about Communism was the way of his "New Country".
Sidney Steinberg became involved with the Young Communists League of New England. He was arrested in 1931 in Lowell MA in connection with a textile strike, and moved to New York in 1932. He became prominent in the Communist Party in 1942,and was the New Jersey chairman of that party form 1942 through November of 1948, when he took a post with the national Communist Party.
Sidney Steinberg moved to Camden in the mid 1940s. He registered to vote on October 10, 1944 and was living in Fairview in 1945. He does not appear in the Camden city directory in 1947.
After World War II, as relations between the Soviet Union and the United States and her allies broke down, tolerance for political dissent and labor activism plummeted, perhaps in equal measure due to "yellow" journalism (see the example below) and to the activities of Soviet espionage agents, especially in the case of the theft of nuclear weapons related technology. Life became increasingly difficult not only for the politically active but for people in the labor movement such as Camden native John Tisa and for those indirectly connected, the best known example being the blacklisting of people in the movie industry during this time.
In 1951 Sidney Steinberg was indicted in 1951 for conspiracy to overthrow the government of the United States. Although he did not immediately submit to arrest by the FBI, as best that I can determine these charges did not hold water. His interest in the Communist Party was apparently more from his pro-labor leanings than any interest in changing our form of government to that of Stalin's Russia.
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